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News and Multimedia from 2010 Featuring DSIR

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Case-managed Care Improves Outcomes for Depressed Patients with Multiple Medical Conditions

Science Update

man and woman sitting at a table talking

People with diabetes or heart disease plus depression fare better if their medical care is coordinated by a care manager who also educates patients about their condition and provides motivational support, compared to those who receive care from their primary care physician only, according to an NIMH-funded study published December 30, 2010, in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Teens Who Recover from Hard-to-treat Depression Still at Risk for Relapse

Science Update

teen couple embracing

Teens with hard-to-treat depression who reach remission after 24 weeks of treatment are still at a significant risk for relapse, according to long-term, follow-up data from an NIMH-funded study published online ahead of print November 16, 2010, in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. The long-term data reiterate the need for aggressive treatment decisions for teens with stubborn depression.

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Effects on Personality May Be Mechanism of Antidepressant Effectiveness

Science Update

Silhouetted woman

Results of a study of antidepressant treatment for major depression suggest that changes in personality traits seen in patients taking the drug paroxetine (Paxil) may not be the result of the medication’s lifting of mood but may instead be a direct effect of this class of drugs and part of the mechanism by which they relieve depression.

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Air Force Suicide Prevention Program Reduces Suicide Rate

Science Update

Air Force personnel in foreground, aircraft in background

A U.S. Air Force suicide prevention program is associated with reduced suicide rates among Air Force personnel during times in which the program was rigorously implemented and monitored, according to an NIMH-funded study published online ahead of print May 13, 2010, in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Early Treatment Decisions Crucial for Teens with Treatment-resistant Depression

Science Update

two young men sitting on bleachers talking

An early response to second-course treatment is associated with greater likelihood of remission among teens with hard-to-treat depression, according to recent data from an NIMH-funded study published online ahead of print May 17, 2010, in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Coordinated Treatment Approach Improves Anxiety Symptoms

Science Update

woman and man conversing

A coordinated, multi-component treatment approach was more effective in treating anxiety disorders than usual care found in primary care settings, according to an NIMH-funded study published May 19, 2010, in a special issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association devoted to mental health.

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Behavioral Intervention Effectively Controls Tics in Many Children with Tourette Syndrome

Science Update

microphone

A comprehensive behavioral therapy is more effective than basic supportive therapy and education in helping children with Tourette syndrome manage their tics, according to a study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). The study was published May 19, 2010, in a special issue of the Journal of the American Medication Association dedicated to mental health.

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Effectiveness of Long-term Use of Antipsychotic Medication to Treat Childhood Schizophrenia is Limited

Science Update

child playing hopscotch

Few youths with early-onset schizophrenia who are treated with antipsychotic medications for up to a year appear to benefit from their initial treatment choice over the long term, according to results from an NIMH-funded study. The study was published online ahead of print May 4, 2010, in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

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ECG Screening for Heart Conditions in ADHD Children is Borderline Cost Effective

Science Update

child throwing paper airplane at teacher’s back

Obtaining an electrocardiogram (ECG) to screen for heart conditions in children prior to prescribing stimulant medication to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may save some lives but it is borderline cost-effective, according to an NIH study published online ahead of print March 8, 2010, in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Diabetes and Depression Associated with Higher Risk for Major Complications

Science Update

woman’s face in silhouette

People with type 2 diabetes and coexisting major depression are more likely to experience life-threatening diabetes-related complications, according to a recent NIMH-funded study published in the February 2010 issue of Diabetes Care.

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New Grant Aims to Identify and Reduce Suicide Among Emergency Department Patients

Science Update

hospital room scene with patient and doctors

A new NIMH-funded grant aims to increase suicide detection and prevention efforts among patients who present with suicide risk factors in hospital emergency departments.

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