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$6 Million Grant to Expand Search for Autism Genes

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Press Release

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) today awarded the first installment of an expected $6 million grant over 5 years to researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) for major expansion of a collaborative effort to identify autism genes. Daniel Geschwind, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues at UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute will direct the project, in partnership with the citizens group Cure Autism Now (CAN), to add 300 more families to its Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE) gene bank. The information and samples gathered in the study will be broadly shared with the research community through AGRE and a repository maintained by the NIMH Human Genetics Initiative.

Autism begins in early childhood and impairs thinking, feeling, language and the ability to relate to others. While causes and effective treatments have thus far eluded science, evidence suggests that the disorder is highly heritable. However, it is thought to stem from interactions among multiple, as yet unknown, genes, complicating the research challenge. Recent genome scans have identified several chromosomal sites likely harboring disease vulnerability genes.

"Genetics research is especially promising for understanding autism," said NIMH Acting Director Richard K. Nakamura, Ph.D. "Expanding the AGRE sample to maximize its statistical power will help to pinpoint the vulnerability genes themselves."

The grant will total $6,217,225 over five years, with $1,156,737 awarded today for the first year. Collaborating on the project with Geschwind are co-principal investigators Stanley Nelson, M.D., and Rita Cantor, Ph.D., UCLA; J. Conrad Gilliam, Ph.D., Columbia University; and Christa Lese, Ph.D., University of Chicago.

The AGRE gene bank was created by the CAN Foundation to advance genetics research on the disorder. AGRE DNA samples and clinical data are obtained from families that have more than one member diagnosed with autism, pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or Asperger's syndrome, which are genetically related. A diagnostic team visits the home of each family to collect the data during a 2-hour screening.

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About the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH): The mission of the NIMH is to transform the understanding and treatment of mental illnesses through basic and clinical research, paving the way for prevention, recovery and cure. For more information, visit the NIMH website.

About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit the NIH website .