Skip to content

Science News from 2002

More

Mouse Gene Knockout Illuminates How Light Resets Clock

Press Release

A key role in synchronizing daily rhythms to the day/night cycle has been traced to a light-sensitive protein in the eye, by knocking out the gene that codes for it.

Continue Reading…

Psychiatric Disorders Common Among Detained Youth

Press Release

Among teens in juvenile detention, nearly two thirds of boys and nearly three quarters of girls have at least one psychiatric disorder, a federally funded study has found.

Continue Reading…

Mimicking Brain’s “All Clear” Quells Fear in Rats

Press Release

Researchers funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have discovered a high tech way to quell panic in rats.

Continue Reading…

Preventive Sessions After Divorce Protect Children into Teens

Press Release

Divorcing families who participated in a prevention program markedly reduced the likelihood of their children developing mental disorders as adolescents, say NIMH-funded scientists.

Continue Reading…

Brain Shrinkage in ADHD Not Caused by Medications

Press Release

A 10-year study by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) scientists has found that brains of children and adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are 3-4 percent smaller than those of children who don't have the disorder—and that medication treatment is not the cause.

Continue Reading…

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorders: Are Children Being Overmedicated?

Press Release

NOTE TO WRITERS AND EDITORS: Dr. Richard Nakamura, Acting Director of the National Institute of Mental Health, testified this morning before the Committee on Government Reform, United States House of Representatives.

Continue Reading…

NIH Awards Grants for Two New Autism Research Centers

Press Release

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced grants totaling $19 million to support the first two research centers of a major network of facilities to focus on the biomedical and behavioral aspects of autism.

Continue Reading…

Thomas R. Insel, M.D., Named New Director of the National Institute of Mental Health

Press Release

Bethesda, Maryland—Elias Zerhouni, M.D., Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), today announced the appointment of Thomas R. Insel, M.D., as Director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

Continue Reading…

Early Mental Health Intervention Reduces Mass Violence Trauma

Press Release

Early psychological intervention guided by qualified mental health caregivers can reduce the harmful psychological and emotional effects of exposure to mass violence in survivors, according to a national conference report released today.

Continue Reading…

Even Neurons Have Favorite Numbers

Press Release

Scientists have discovered individual brain cells that represent the concept of numbers.

Continue Reading…

NIMH Study Finds Anti-Psychotic Medication Useful in Treating Serious Behavioral Problems among Children with Autism

Press Release

One of a newer class of anti-psychotic medications was successful and well tolerated for the treatment of serious behavioral disturbances associated with autistic disorder in children ages 5 to 17.

Continue Reading…

Drug Targets Brain Circuits that Drive Appetite and Body Weight

Press Release

Research conducted in animals has revealed that an appetite suppressant drug, D-fenfluramine (D-FEN), activates brain pathways that regulate food intake and body weight.

Continue Reading…

Gene May Bias Amygdala Response to Frightful Faces

Press Release

The amygdala, the brain structure known as the hub of fear, responds differently to pictures of scary faces, depending on which version of a gene one has inherited, report National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) scientists.

Continue Reading…

“Power Nap” Prevents Burnout; Morning Sleep Perfects a Skill

Press Release

Evidence is mounting that sleep—even a nap—appears to enhance information processing and learning.

Continue Reading…

Parents Can Learn to be Effective AIDS Educators for their Children

Press Release

Researchers funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) are training parents to teach their young children the knowledge and skills needed to protect themselves from HIV infection.

Continue Reading…

Longtime NIMH Colleague Hazel Rea Dies at 91

Press Release

Hazel Rea, who joined the fledgling NIMH Intramural Research Program (IRP) in 1949 as a secretary and rose through the ranks to become its deputy director, died in her home on May 18, 2002, three months after her 91st birthday.

Continue Reading…

Distinguished NIMH Scientist Richard Jed Wyatt Dies

Press Release

Schizophrenia researcher Richard Jed Wyatt, M.D., Chief, Neuropsychiatry Branch, National Institute of Mental Health, died June 7, 2002, at the age of 63, after a long bout with cancer.

Continue Reading…

Brain Signal Boosts as Monkey Nears Reward

Press Release

Delaying gratification while working toward a goal appears to have roots in a specific brain circuit.

Continue Reading…

Placebo, Antidepressant May Lift Depression Via Common Mechanism

Press Release

Whether it's a widely prescribed medication or a placebo, a successful treatment for depression must trigger a common pattern of brain activity changes, suggests a team of researchers funded by the National Institute of Mental Health.

Continue Reading…

NIMH Awards New Grants in Response to Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001

Press Release

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has awarded new grants for research on mental health needs resulting from the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

Continue Reading…

Timing of Chemical Signal Critical for Normal Emotional Development

Press Release

A signaling protein suspected of malfunctioning in anxiety and mood disorders plays a key role in the development of emotional behavior, report researchers funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

Continue Reading…

$6 Million Grant to Expand Search for Autism Genes

Press Release

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) today awarded the first installment of an expected $6 million grant over 5 years to researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) for major expansion of a collaborative effort to identify autism genes.

Continue Reading…

Scans Link 2 Key Pieces of Schizophrenia Puzzle

Press Release

Using functional brain imaging, National Institute of Mental Health scientists for the first time have linked two key, but until now unconnected, brain abnormalities in schizophrenia.

Continue Reading…

NIMH Awards Howard University $6.5 Million

Press Release

Howard University Hospital Department of Psychiatry in the College of Medicine (HUCM) has been awarded $6.5 million from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) for a five-year project to implement and develop research studies pertaining to mood and anxiety disorders.

Continue Reading…

NIMH Web Information on Child, Adolescent Mental Health Honored

Press Release

The NIMH web site (www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/children-and-adolescents) has been awarded a five-star rating by the Tufts University Child & Family WebGuide for its child and adolescent mental health information.

Continue Reading…

Institute Names Acting Deputy Director

Press Release

Wayne S. Fenton, M.D., has been appointed Acting Deputy Director of the NIMH. A research psychiatrist, he has been serving as Deputy Director for Clinical Affairs, NIMH Division of Mental Disorders, Behavioral Research & AIDS, since joining the Institute in 1999.

Continue Reading…