Science News from 2004
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- Nobel Laureate Axelrod, Neuroscience Pioneer
- Press Release December 30, 2004
Nobel Laureate Julius Axelrod, Ph.D., an NIMH researcher since 1955, died in his sleep early Wednesday morning, December 29, 2004.
- International Coalition to Fund Autism Genetics Research
- Press Release December 29, 2004
An international public/private partnership of government health agencies and private advocacy organizations has committed more than $21 million for research to identify the genes associated with autism spectrum disorders, a range of developmental disorders that impair communication and other mental abilities.
- Mutant Gene Linked to Treatment-Resistant Depression
- Science Update December 13, 2004
A mutant gene that starves the brain of serotonin, a mood-regulating chemical messenger, has been discovered and found to be 10 times more prevalent in depressed patients than in control subjects, report researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI).
- Stress Impairs Thinking Via Mania-Linked Enzyme
- Press Release October 29, 2004
An errant enzyme linked to bipolar disorder, in the brain’s prefrontal cortex, impairs cognition under stress, an animal study shows.
- Psychotherapy, Medications Best for Youth With Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Press Release October 28, 2004
Children and adolescents with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) respond best to a combination of both psychotherapy and an antidepressant, a major clinical trial has found.
- Perceptual Decision-Making Hub Pinpointed in Human Brain
- Press Release October 18, 2004
A perceptual decision-making hub at the front of the brain makes the call on whether you’re looking at a face or a house — and likely many other things — scientists at the NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have discovered.
- NIMH Grant to Explore Genetics of Autism
- Press Release October 08, 2004
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, announced this week a 3-year, $3 million grant to Johns Hopkins University to study the genetic factors underlying autism.
- New Learning Techniques Improves Global HIV/AIDS Prevention
- Press Release September 28, 2004
Researchers funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, have found that advanced communication technologies — including multimedia CDs — can improve world-wide dissemination of new HIV/AIDS prevention models to providers of health services.
- Rare Deficit Maps Thinking Circuitry
- Press Release September 01, 2004
Using brain imaging, neuroscientists at the NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have pinpointed the site of a defect in a brain circuit associated with a specific thinking deficit.
- Combination Treatment Most Effective in Adolescents with Depression
- Press Release August 17, 2004
A clinical trial of 439 adolescents with major depression has found a combination of medication and psychotherapy to be the most effective treatment.
- Schizophrenia Gene Variant Linked to Risk Traits
- Press Release August 11, 2004
Researchers at the NIH's National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have identified a relationship between a small section of one gene, the brain chemical messenger glutamate, and a collection of traits known to be associated with schizophrenia.
- Brain’s Reward Circuitry Revealed in Procrastinating Primates
- Press Release August 10, 2004
Using a new molecular genetic technique, scientists have turned procrastinating primates into workaholics by temporarily suppressing a gene in a brain circuit involved in reward learning.
- Depression Traced to Overactive Brain Circuit
- Press Release August 02, 2004
Press Release August 2, 2004 Depression Traced to Overactive Brain Circuit A brain imaging study by the NIH's National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has found that an emotion-regulating brain circuit is overactive in people prone to depression — even when they are not depressed.
- Imaging Study Shows Brain Maturing
- Press Release May 17, 2004
The brain's center of reasoning and problem solving is among the last to mature, a new study graphically reveals.
- Research to Test Treatment of Cognitive Dysfunction in Schizophrenia
- Press Release May 06, 2004
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has awarded a four-year, $9 million contract to the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and five other academic medical centers to create a network of Treatment Units for Research on Neurocognition and Schizophrenia (TURNS).
- Brain Signal Predicts Working Memory Prowess
- Press Release April 16, 2004
Some people are better than others at remembering what they have just seen—holding mental pictures in mind from moment to moment.
- Making Sense of the Brain’s Mind-Boggling Complexity
- Press Release April 16, 2004
Leading scientists in integrating and visualizing the explosion of information about the brain will convene at a conference commemorating the 10th anniversary of the Human Brain Project (HBP).
- “Care Managers” Help Depressed Elderly Reduce Suicidal Thoughts
- Press Release March 02, 2004
An intervention that includes staffing doctors’ offices with depression care managers helps depressed elderly patients reduce suicidal thoughts, a study funded by NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has found.
- Monkey Talk, Human Speech Share Left-Brain Processing
- Press Release January 29, 2004
Scans have pinpointed circuits in the monkey brain that could be precursors of those in humans for speech and language.
- Emotion-Regulating Protein Lacking in Panic Disorder
- Press Release January 20, 2004
Three brain areas of panic disorder patients are lacking in a key component of a chemical messenger system that regulates emotion, researchers at the NIH’s National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have discovered.
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- Out of Sync With the World: Body Clocks of Depressed People Are Altered at Cell LevelExternal Link: Please review our disclaimer.
- Nerve Stimulation for Severe Depression Changes Brain FunctionExternal Link: Please review our disclaimer.
- Nearly 20 Percent of Suicidal Youths Have Guns in Their HomeExternal Link: Please review our disclaimer.