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Science News from 2005

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Trust-Building Hormone Short-Circuits Fear In Humans

Press Release

A brain chemical recently found to boost trust appears to work by reducing activity and weakening connections in fear-processing circuitry, a brain imaging study at the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has discovered.

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Gene Knockout Scores a Fearless Mouse

Press Release

Knocking out a gene in the brain's fear hub creates mice unperturbed by situations that would normally trigger instinctive or learned fear responses, researchers funded, in part, by the National Institutes of Health have discovered.

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Web Forum Launched for Schizophrenia Researchers

Press Release

Researchers trying to crack one of medicine's most perplexing unsolved mysteries can now keep abreast of late-breaking developments via the Schizophrenia Research Forum, a website launched this month with funding from the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

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Teens with Deletion Syndrome Confirm Gene’s Role in Psychosis

Press Release

A study in youth who are missing part of a chromosome is further implicating a suspect gene in schizophrenia.

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NIH Joined by Advocacy Groups to Fund Research on Autism Susceptibility Genes

Press Release

Five institutes at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and three private autism organizations have formed a consortium to pursue their common goal of understanding a devastating disorder.

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NIMH Expands Public Health Education Effort To Reach Latino Men With Depression

Press Release

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, today is launching a new effort in the Real Men Real Depression campaign — Spanish-language materials to inform the Latino community about depression and to encourage men who are depressed to seek help.

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NIMH Study To Guide Treatment Choices for Schizophrenia (Phase 1 Results)

Press Release

A large study funded by NIH's National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) provides, for the first time, detailed information comparing the effectiveness and side effects of five medications — both new and older medications — that are currently used to treat people with schizophrenia.

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PTSD, Depression Epidemic Among Cambodian Immigrants

Press Release

More than two decades after they fled the Khmer Rouge reign of terror, most Cambodian refugees who resettled in the United States remain traumatized, a study funded by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) has found.

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Cognitive Therapy Reduces Repeat Suicide Attempts by 50 Percent

Press Release

Recent suicide attempters treated with cognitive therapy were 50 percent less likely to try to kill themselves again within 18 months than those who did not receive the therapy, report researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

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Scientists Uncover New Clues About Brain Function in Human Behavior

Press Release

Researchers at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, have discovered a genetically controlled brain mechanism responsible for social behavior in humans — one of the most important but least understood aspects of human nature.

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NIH “Roadmap” Grants Will Establish Nine Screening Centers in Seven States

Press Release

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) today announced it is awarding $88.9 million in grants to nine institutions over three years to establish a collaborative research network that will use high-tech screening methods to identify small molecules that can be used as research tools.

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Rodent Social Behavior Encoded in Junk DNA

Press Release

A discovery that may someday help to explain human social behavior and disorders such as autism has been made in a species of pudgy rodents by researchers funded, in part, by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and National Center for Research Resources (NCRR).

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Mental Illness Exacts Heavy Toll, Beginning in Youth

Press Release

Researchers supported by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) have found that half of all lifetime cases of mental illness begin by age 14, and that despite effective treatments, there are long delays — sometimes decades — between first onset of symptoms and when people seek and receive treatment.

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Colleagues, Friends Gather to Commemorate Nobel Laureate Axelrod

Press Release

Luminaries from the fields of neuroscience and mental health will gather at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) on Monday, May 23, to celebrate the life and achievements of one of their most honored colleagues, the late Nobel Laureate Julius Axelrod Ph.D.

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NIMH Research Showcased at APA Meeting

Press Release

At the American Psychiatric Association’s (APA) annual meeting in Atlanta next week, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) will showcase advances in translating new scientific knowledge into improved treatments for mental disorders.

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Depression Gene May Weaken Mood-Regulating Circuit

Press Release

A brain scan study suggests that a suspect gene may increase susceptibility to anxiety and depression by weakening a circuit for processing negative emotion.

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Actor-Patients´ Requests for Medications Boost Prescribing for Depression

Press Release

Researchers funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, have found that requests from patients for medications have a "profound effect" on physicians prescribing for major depression and adjustment disorder.

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Brain Scans Reveal How Gene May Boost Schizophrenia Risk

Press Release

Clues about how a suspect version of a gene may slightly increase risk for schizophrenia are emerging from a brain imaging study by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).

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Brain Awareness Week Teaches Kids How Their Brains Work

Science Update

The fifth annual Brain Awareness Week (BAW), a science and health education fair to teach 5th–8th grade students about the brain, will take place March 14–18, 2005 at the National Museum of Health and Medicine at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C.

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Dr. Solomon Snyder to be Awarded National Medal of Science

Press Release

Dr. Solomon Snyder, longtime NIMH grantee and director of the Department of Neuroscience at Johns Hopkins University, will be awarded the National Medal of Science by President Bush at a White House ceremony March 14th.

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Rat Brain’s Executive Hub Quells Alarm Center if Stress is Controllable

Press Release

Treatments for mood and anxiety disorders are thought to work, in part, by helping patients control the stresses in their lives.

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Birds Brainier Than Previously Thought

Press Release

The brains of birds appear to be more similar to those of mammals than previously thought.

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New Neurons Born in Adult Rat Cortex

Press Release

Recent evidence suggesting that antidepressants may act by triggering the birth of new neurons in the adult hippocampus,* the brain's memory hub, has heightened interest in such adult neurogenesis and raised the question: Could new neurons also be sprouting up in the parts of the adult brain involved in the thinking and mood disturbances of depression and anxiety?

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