Science News about Clinical Research and Trials
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- Antipsychotic Medications Used to Treat Alzheimer’s Patients Found Lacking
- Press Release October 11, 2006
Commonly prescribed antipsychotic medications used to treat Alzheimer’s patients with delusions, aggression, hallucinations, and other similar symptoms can benefit some patients, but they appear to be no more effective than a placebo when adverse side effects are considered, according to the first phase of a large-scale clinical trial funded by NIMH.
- New Schizophrenia Trial: Does Method of Administering Medication Make a Difference?
- Science Update September 05, 2006
A new clinical trial is testing whether an injection of a long-lasting antipsychotic medication every two weeks results in better adherence to treatment and better outcomes among people with schizophrenia than do oral medications taken daily.
- Subsequent Treatment Strategies for Persistent Depression Yield Modest Results
- Science Update September 01, 2006
Patients with treatment-resistant depression had a modest chance of becoming symptom-free when they tried different treatment strategies after two or three failed treatments, according to results from the nation's largest real-world study of depression.
- Brain Changes Mirror Symptoms in ADHD
- Science Update July 19, 2006
The severity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in youth appears to be reflected in their brain structure, recent NIMH-supported brain imaging studies are finding.
- New Factors Identified for Predicting Violence in Schizophrenia
- Science Update July 18, 2006
A study of adults with schizophrenia showed that symptoms of losing contact with reality, such as delusions and hallucinations, increased the odds of serious violence nearly threefold.
- Targeted Therapy Halves Suicide Attempts in Borderline Personality Disorder
- Science Update July 03, 2006
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) reduced suicide attempts by half compared with other types of psychotherapy available in the community in patients with borderline personality disorder, an NIMH-funded study has found.
- Switching to a Third Antidepressant Medication May Prove Helpful to Some with Treatment-Resistant Depression
- Science Update July 01, 2006
The next wave of results from the nation's largest real-world study of treatment-resistant depressionshows that patients had a moderate chance of becoming symptom-free when they switched to a third antidepressant medication, following two previously unsuccessful medication attempts.
- Antidepressant Does Not Reduce Risk Of Relapse Among Patients With Anorexia Nervosa
- Science Update June 14, 2006
An NIMH-funded study has concluded that the antidepressant medication fluoxetine (Prozac) is no more effective than placebo in preventing relapse among patients with anorexia nervosa who had achieved a healthy weight during inpatient or day-program treatment.
- Intermittent Explosive Disorder Affects up to 16 Million Americans
- Press Release June 05, 2006
A little-known mental disorder marked by episodes of unwarranted anger is more common than previously thought, a study funded by NIMH has found.
- Depression Rates Are Lower in Children Whose Mothers Are Successfully Treated
- Science Update May 09, 2006
When women treated for depression become symptom-free, their children are less likely to be diagnosed with depression, according to a study published in the March 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
- Studies Offer New Information About Treatment Choices for Schizophrenia — Phase 2 Results
- Science Update April 01, 2006
A national clinical trial comparing clozapine with other new-generation antipsychotic medications for the treatment of chronic schizophrenia has shown that people who switched to clozapine from their first medication because it failed to manage symptoms adequately were twice as likely to continue treatment as patients who switched to other antipsychotic medications.
- New Strategies Help Depressed Patients Become Symptom-Free
- Press Release March 23, 2006
Results of the nation’s largest depression study show that one in three depressed patients who previously did not achieve remission using an antidepressant became symptom-free with the help of an additional medication and one in four achieved remission after switching to a different antidepressant.
- Gene Influences Antidepressant Response
- Press Release March 15, 2006
Whether depressed patients will respond to an antidepressant depends, in part, on which version of a gene they inherit, a study led by scientists at NIH has discovered. Having two copies of one version of a gene that codes for a component of the brain’s mood―regulating system increased the odds of a favorable response to an antidepressant by up to 18 percent, compared to having two copies of the other, more common version.
- Early Findings from Largest NIMH-Funded Research Program on Bipolar Disorder Begin to Build Evidence-Base on Best Treatment Options
- Science Update February 01, 2006
Findings from an NIMH research program on bipolar disorder provide much needed long-term data on the chronic, recurrent course of the disorder, and begin the work of building an evidence-base on the best treatments for those with the disorder.
- Initial Results Help Clinicians Identify Patients with Treatment-Resistant Depression
- Press Release January 06, 2006
Initial results of the nation’s largest clinical trial for depression have helped clinicians to track “real world” patients who became symptom-free and to identify those who were resistant to the initial treatment.
- NIMH Study To Guide Treatment Choices for Schizophrenia (Phase 1 Results)
- Press Release September 19, 2005
A large study funded by NIH's National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) provides, for the first time, detailed information comparing the effectiveness and side effects of five medications — both new and older medications — that are currently used to treat people with schizophrenia.
- Combination Treatment Most Effective in Adolescents with Depression
- Press Release August 17, 2004
A clinical trial of 439 adolescents with major depression has found a combination of medication and psychotherapy to be the most effective treatment.
- Gene More Than Doubles Risk Of Depression Following Life Stresses
- Press Release July 17, 2003
Among people who suffered multiple stressful life events over 5 years, 43 percent with one version of a gene developed depression, compared to only 17 percent with another version of the gene, say researchers funded, in part, by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
- NIH Awards Grants for Six New Autism Research Centers
- Press Release May 13, 2003
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded grants to support six new research centers of a major network focusing on the biomedical and behavioral aspects of autism.
- Gene Enhances Prefrontal Function at a Price
- Press Release May 07, 2003
Studies of a gene that affects how efficiently the brain’s frontal lobes process information are revealing some untidy consequences of a tiny variation in its molecular structure and how it may increase susceptibility to schizophrenia.
- Study Boosts Confidence in Potential Screening Tool for Alzheimer's Disease
- Press Release April 22, 2003
A major study has confirmed the value of potential markers for identifying people with Alzheimer's disease.
- Treatment for Minor Depression
- Press Release March 21, 2003
In a new approach to research on minor depression, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has launched a four-year study to determine the safety and effectiveness of St. John's wort, a common herbal supplement, and citalopram, a standard antidepressant, compared to placebo.
- Human Gene Affects Memory
- Press Release January 23, 2003
NIH scientists have shown that a common gene variant influences memory for events in humans by altering a growth factor in the brain's memory hub.
- NIH Awards Grants for Two New Autism Research Centers
- Press Release September 18, 2002
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced grants totaling $19 million to support the first two research centers of a major network of facilities to focus on the biomedical and behavioral aspects of autism.
- Placebo, Antidepressant May Lift Depression Via Common Mechanism
- Press Release May 01, 2002
Whether it's a widely prescribed medication or a placebo, a successful treatment for depression must trigger a common pattern of brain activity changes, suggests a team of researchers funded by the National Institute of Mental Health.
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- Out of Sync With the World: Body Clocks of Depressed People Are Altered at Cell LevelExternal Link: Please review our disclaimer.
- Nerve Stimulation for Severe Depression Changes Brain FunctionExternal Link: Please review our disclaimer.
- Nearly 20 Percent of Suicidal Youths Have Guns in Their HomeExternal Link: Please review our disclaimer.