Science News about Depression
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- Success or Failure of Antidepressant Citalopram Predicted by Gene Variation
- Press Release August 01, 2007
A variation in a gene called GRIK4 appears to make people with depression more likely to respond to the medication citalopram (Celexa) than are people without the variation, a study by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, has found.
- Faster-Acting Antidepressants Closer to Becoming a Reality
- Press Release July 24, 2007
A new study has revealed more about how the medication ketamine, when used experimentally for depression, relieves symptoms of the disorder in hours instead of the weeks or months it takes for current antidepressants to work.
- Gene Variants Linked to Suicidal Thoughts in Some Men Starting Antidepressant Treatment
- Science Update June 07, 2007
Some men who experience suicidal thoughts and behaviors after they first start taking antidepressant medications may be genetically predisposed to do so, according to the latest results from the NIMH-funded Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) study
- In Second Try to Treat Depression, Cognitive Therapy Generally As Effective As Medication
- Science Update May 01, 2007
Switching to or adding cognitive therapy (CT) after a first unsuccessful attempt at treating depression with an antidepressant medication is generally as effective as switching to or adding another medication, but remission may take longer to achieve
- Benefits of Antidepressants May Outweigh Risks for Kids
- Science Update April 17, 2007
The benefits of antidepressant medications likely outweigh their risks to children and adolescents with major depression and anxiety disorders, according to a new comprehensive review of pediatric trials conducted between 1988 and 2006. The study, partially funded by NIMH, was published in the April 18, 2007, issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
- Depression Risk Higher in Girls with Low Birth Weight
- Science Update March 09, 2007
Girls’ risk for developing depression after puberty increased significantly if they had low birth weight, in a study funded in part by NIMH. Yet low birth weight didn’t appear to be just one more risk factor for depression. Rather, it seemed to increase the risk effects of other adversities.
- African Americans, Black Caribbeans, and Whites Differ in Depression Risk, Treatment
- Science Update March 05, 2007
Although black Americans are less likely than whites to have a major depressive disorder (MDD), when they do, it tends to be more chronic and severe.
- Virtual-Reality Video Game Helps Link Depression to Specific Brain Area
- Science Update March 01, 2007
Scientists are using a virtual-reality, three-dimensional video game that challenges spatial memory as a new tool for assessing the link between depression and the hippocampus, the brain’s memory hub.
- History of Childhood Abuse or Neglect Increases Risk of Major Depression
- Science Update January 03, 2007
People who were abused or neglected as children have increased risk of major depression, which often begins in childhood and has lingering effects as they mature, according to a study funded by NIMH.
- Landmark Council Session Spotlights “Real World” Trials
- Science Update December 21, 2006
Principal investigators of NIMH's four large-scale clinical trials presented study results and their implications at the National Advisory Mental Health Council meeting on September 15, 2006.
- Benefits to Employers Outweigh Enhanced Depression-Care Costs
- Press Release December 04, 2006
It may be in society’s and employers’ best interests to offer programs that actively seek out and treat depression in the workforce, suggests an analysis funded by NIMH.
- New NIMH Research Strives to Understand How Antidepressants May Be Associated with Suicidal Thoughts and Actions
- Science Update November 13, 2006
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health, is funding five new research projects that will shed light on antidepressant medications, notably selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and their association with suicidal thoughts and actions.
- Odds of Beating Depression Diminish as Additional Treatment Strategies are Needed
- Science Update November 01, 2006
An overall assessment of the nation's largest real-world study of treatment-resistant depression suggests that a patient with persistent depression can get well after trying several treatment strategies, but his or her odds of beating the depression diminish as additional treatment strategies are needed.
- NIMH Researchers Discover Medication’s Antidepressant Potential
- Science Update October 02, 2006
A commonly used sedative and motion-sickness treatment shows promise as a fast-acting antidepressant, according to a study conducted by researchers at NIMH.
- Bipolar Disorder Exacts Twice Depression’s Toll in Workplace, Productivity Lags Even After Mood Lifts
- Press Release September 01, 2006
Bipolar disorder costs twice as much in lost productivity as major depressive disorder, an NIMH funded study has found.
- Subsequent Treatment Strategies for Persistent Depression Yield Modest Results
- Science Update September 01, 2006
Patients with treatment-resistant depression had a modest chance of becoming symptom-free when they tried different treatment strategies after two or three failed treatments, according to results from the nation's largest real-world study of depression.
- Experimental Medication Kicks Depression in Hours Instead of Weeks
- Press Release August 07, 2006
People with treatment—resistant depression experienced symptom relief in as little as two hours with a single intravenous dose of ketamine, a medication usually used in higher doses as an anesthetic in humans and animals, in a preliminary study.
- Obesity Linked with Mood and Anxiety Disorders
- Science Update July 03, 2006
Results of an NIMH-funded study show that nearly one out of four cases of obesity is associated with a mood or anxiety disorder, but the causal relationship and complex interplay between the two is still unclear.
- Switching to a Third Antidepressant Medication May Prove Helpful to Some with Treatment-Resistant Depression
- Science Update July 01, 2006
The next wave of results from the nation's largest real-world study of treatment-resistant depressionshows that patients had a moderate chance of becoming symptom-free when they switched to a third antidepressant medication, following two previously unsuccessful medication attempts.
- Adult Children of Depressed Parents Have Higher Risk of Mental and Physical Illness
- Science Update June 21, 2006
As children of depressed parents enter adulthood, they continue to suffer greater risk of mental disorders and begin to report more physical illnesses than grown-up children of non-depressed parents.
- Intermittent Explosive Disorder Affects up to 16 Million Americans
- Press Release June 05, 2006
A little-known mental disorder marked by episodes of unwarranted anger is more common than previously thought, a study funded by NIMH has found.
- Depression Rates Are Lower in Children Whose Mothers Are Successfully Treated
- Science Update May 09, 2006
When women treated for depression become symptom-free, their children are less likely to be diagnosed with depression, according to a study published in the March 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
- Properly Timed Light, Melatonin Lift Winter Depression by Syncing Rhythms
- Science Update May 01, 2006
Most Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) symptoms stem from daily body rhythms that have gone out-of-sync with the sun, a NIMH-funded study has found.
- New Strategies Help Depressed Patients Become Symptom-Free
- Press Release March 23, 2006
Results of the nation’s largest depression study show that one in three depressed patients who previously did not achieve remission using an antidepressant became symptom-free with the help of an additional medication and one in four achieved remission after switching to a different antidepressant.
- Maintenance Treatment Prevents Recurrence in Older Adults with Single-Episode Depression
- Press Release March 16, 2006
People age 70 and older who continued taking the antidepressant that helped them to initially recover from their first episode of depression were 60 percent less likely to experience a new episode of depression over a two-year study period than those who stopped taking the medication, according to a study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), part of the National Institutes of Health.
- Gene Influences Antidepressant Response
- Press Release March 15, 2006
Whether depressed patients will respond to an antidepressant depends, in part, on which version of a gene they inherit, a study led by scientists at NIH has discovered. Having two copies of one version of a gene that codes for a component of the brain’s mood―regulating system increased the odds of a favorable response to an antidepressant by up to 18 percent, compared to having two copies of the other, more common version.
- Depression Model Leaves Mice with Molecular Scar
- Press Release February 27, 2006
In addition to triggering a depression-like social withdrawal syndrome, repeated defeat by dominant animals leaves a mouse with an enduring “molecular scar” in its brain that could help to explain why depression is so difficult to cure, suggest researchers funded by NIMH.
- Stopping Antidepressant Use While Pregnant May Pose Risks
- Science Update February 01, 2006
Pregnant women who discontinue antidepressant medications may significantly increase their risk of relapse during pregnancy, a new NIMH-funded study has found.
- Initial Results Help Clinicians Identify Patients with Treatment-Resistant Depression
- Press Release January 06, 2006
Initial results of the nation’s largest clinical trial for depression have helped clinicians to track “real world” patients who became symptom-free and to identify those who were resistant to the initial treatment.
- Nobelist Discovers Antidepressant Protein in Mouse Brain
- Press Release January 06, 2006
A protein that seems to be pivotal in lifting depression has been discovered by a Nobel Laureate researcher funded by NIMH.
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- Out of Sync With the World: Body Clocks of Depressed People Are Altered at Cell LevelExternal Link: Please review our disclaimer.
- Nerve Stimulation for Severe Depression Changes Brain FunctionExternal Link: Please review our disclaimer.
- Nearly 20 Percent of Suicidal Youths Have Guns in Their HomeExternal Link: Please review our disclaimer.