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Meeting Summaries from 2009

Using Electrophysiological Methods to Understand Neural Mechanisms of, and Treatment Effects in, Mental Illness in Children and Adolescents

Bethesda, Maryland

This workshop examined the use of EEG/MEG to understand brain mechanisms of mental disorders in children and adolescents. Participants discussed the advantages of these methods, the limitations, and future directions.

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Perinatal Mood Disorders: Components of Care

Bethesda, Maryland

A two-day meeting convened in May 2009 educated participants on essential components of care for women with perinatal mood disorders

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NIMH Institutional Training Grant Program Directors Meeting

Bethesda, Maryland

T32 Program Directors and NIMH staff discussed the unique challenges and opportunities associated with training future NIMH investigators.

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Navigating Your Way through a Successful Research Career

Rockville, Maryland

NIMH sponsored a workshop to provide junior investigators with the tools necessary to continue along the path of competitive research support and transition to independence.

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New Perspectives in the Translational Neuroscience of Late Life Mental Disorders

Bethesda, Maryland

The goal of this workshop was to bring together basic and clinical researchers to identify key research questions relative to discovering the causes of mental disorders, and to chart mental illness trajectories to determine when, where and how to intervene.

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Improving Long-term Efficacy and Effectiveness Outcomes in ADHD: A Treatment Development Workshop

Rockville, Maryland

In March, 2007, NIMH sponsored a workshop to evaluate the current state of knowledge concerning long-term (i.e., adolescent and adult) efficacy and effectiveness outcomes in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

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International Society for CNS Clinical Trials and Methodology (ISCTM) Meeting

Washington, DC

In February 2006, the ISCTM held this meeting by satellite on the NIMH initiative regarding treatment development for negative symptoms of schizophrenia.

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Reward Neurocircuitry in Adolescent Development and Decision Making

Bethesda, Maryland

Adolescence is a time of increased risk taking, as well as increased decisional capacity. Importantly, it is a time of increased vulnerability to social influences and to the onset of psychopathology, such as mood and substance use disorders

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Treating Children and Adolescents with Depression: Future Research Questions

Washington, DC

In February 2006, NIMH hosted this two-day workshop with the purpose of reviewing the evidence for benefits and risks of existing treatment interventions for youths suffering from depression, identifying knowledge gaps in need of further research, and discussing approaches to future research with respect to design, methods, and implementation.

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Benefits, Limitations, and Emerging Research Needs in Treating Youth with Depression

Washington, DC

On February 6 and 7, 2006, experts in child and adolescent depression met in Washington, DC to review the state of the science of the treatment of youth depression and discuss approaches to further research.

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Indigenous Suicide Prevention Research and Programs in Canada and the United States: Setting a Collaborative Agenda

Albuquerque, NM

In February 2006, a conference was convened to bring together representatives from research, service organizations, youth, community programs, and governments (across a range of countries, tribes, and villages) to share the most current information on Indigenous suicide, to find ways to foster communication and collaboration, and to form and support workgroups to bring substantive research and prevention efforts forward in a multi-year effort.

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NIMH Workshop for Emerging Research Investigators in Pediatric Mental Health: Making a Successful Transition to Research Career Independence

Bethesda, Maryland

This workshop focused on providing emerging investigators with resources necessary to initiate and continue on the path of research independence focused on child and adolescent research.

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NIMH/IAPAC International Conference on HIV Treatment Adherence

Jersey City, New Jersey

In March 2006, in Jersey City, New Jersey, NIMH and the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (IAPAC) hosted a state-of-the-science conference to examine strategies to understand and enhance adherence to antiretroviral regimens in a variety of settings.

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Developmental and Translational Models of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation: Links to Childhood Affective Disorders

Bethesda, MD

On April 3 and 4, 2006, the National Institute of Mental Health sponsored a meeting that brought together basic and clinical scientists in the field of emotion regulation to review current models, identify research gaps, and propose promising directions for future research.

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Mapping the Landscape of Deployment Related Adjustment and Mental Disorders: A Working Group to Inform Research

Rockville, Maryland

NIMH joined the Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Research and Development, and the Department of Defense, United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, for a meeting to discuss progress and challenges in addressing deployment-related adjustment problems and mental disorders.

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HIV Preclinical — Clinical Therapeutics Research

Bethesda, Maryland

In May, the NIMH Center for Mental Health Research on AIDS convened this two-day meeting in Bethesda, Maryland

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Translational Research: Bridging Basic and Applied Perspectives

Rockville, Maryland

In May 2006, the Division of AIDS and Health and Behavior Research (DAHBR) sponsored this two-day meeting in Rockville, Maryland with the purpose of bringing together scientists whose work has focused on prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination, stigma, and related areas to assist NIMH in identifying (1) the most exciting and timely possibilities for translation and integration across basic and applied approaches, (2) the greatest gaps in knowledge, (3) barriers to conducting this kind of translational research, and (4) ways to overcome these barriers. The meeting was jointly planned and co-chaired by Jennifer Crocker, University of Michigan; Bernice Pescosolido, Indiana University; and Emeline Otey, DAHBR.

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Early Psychological Intervention Following Mass Trauma: Present and Future Directions

New York

NIMH partnered with the New York Medical College and School of Public Health and the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Center for Study of Traumatic Stress, for a meeting of trauma and early intervention experts.

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Prevention of Traumatic Stress Disorders in High-Risk Occupations: Current Knowledge and Research Opportunities

Bethesda, Maryland

The NIMH Office of Prevention and the Division of Adult Translational Research and Treatment Development, Traumatic Stress Disorders Research Program, held a meeting involving trauma researchers, prevention scientists, and subject-matter experts responsible for preparing civilian and military personnel for disaster response, mass casualty events, and combat.

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NCDEU Meeting

Boca Raton, Florida

Named after the original NIMH New Clinical Drug Evaluation Unit clinical trials program, the NCDEU meeting has grown and evolved over the years to include a broad range of academic and industry investigators, practitioners, and NIMH and FDA staff.

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NIH State of the Science Conference on Tobacco Use: Prevention, Cessation, and Control

Bethesda, Maryland

Tobacco use remains the Nation’s leading preventable cause of premature death.

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Gene x Environment Interactions and Developmental Psychopathology: Research Challenges and Opportunities

Washington, DC

The purpose of this workshop was to bring together researchers in developmental psychopathology, genetics, epidemiology, and related disciplines to determine: (1) the utility of the gene-by-environment (GxE) paradigm for informing disease processes during childhood and adolescence; (2) the translational relevance of research generated via the application of this paradigm; and, (3) the key issues and sources of complexity that need to be considered in applying this paradigm broadly and to pediatric populations specifically.

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Annual Computational Neuroscience (CNS) Meeting

Edinburgh, Scotland

NIMH provided partial support for the 15th annual CNS meeting held in July, in Edinburgh, Scotland. CNS is an interdisciplinary field forging a link between neuroscience, computer science, physics, and applied mathematics.

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Dimensional Approaches in Diagnostic Classification

Bethesda, Maryland

NIMH, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supported the addition of a meeting on dimensional approaches to the series of meetings that the American Psychiatric Association is conducting in preparation for the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V).

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NIMH Workshop on the Classification of Eating Disorders

Rockville, Maryland

In July 2006, NIMH supported a workshop that focused on classification and diagnosis of eating disorders.

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Annual Family and HIV/AIDS Meeting

San Juan, Puerto Rico

NIMH and the University of Puerto Rico cosponsored the Annual International Research Conference on the Role of Families in Preventing and Adapting to HIV/AIDS.

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NIMH/National Business Group on Health Roundtable on Medication Management in Employer-Based Behavioral Health Systems

Washington, DC

The Services Research and Clinical Epidemiology Branch of the NIMH Division of Services and Intervention Research held this one-day meeting to identify relevant research findings for employers and to discuss new opportunities to bridge the gap between research and practice.

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Federal Partnership on the Transformation of Mental Health Care in the United States

Washington, DC

Led by the Center for Mental Health Services of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, NIMH participates in this Federal effort to improve the quality of mental health care delivered to US citizens.

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Current Issues in Psychosocial Intervention Research in Late-Life Mental Disorders

Arlington, Virginia

NIMH’s Geriatrics Research Branch in the Division of Adult Translational Research and Treatment Development (DATR) organized this multidisciplinary workshop, held in Arlington, Virginia in September 2006.

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Northeast Regional Meeting on Connecting Science and Service

Baltimore, Maryland

NIMH, the Center for Mental Health Services (SAMHSA), and the National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors (NASMHPD), held this two-day meeting in September in Baltimore, Maryland, to identify relevant research and service development agendas to improve the public mental health system in the region.

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Developing New Treatments for Tourette Syndrome: Clinical and Basic Science Dialogue

Washington, D.C.

In September, 2006, NINDS, NIMH, ORD, and the Tourette Syndrome Association (TSA) jointly sponsored a workshop to develop new and improved treatments for children and adults afflicted with Tourette syndrome (TS).

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The 13th NIMH Biennial Research Conference on the Economics of Mental Health

Bethesda, Maryland

In September 2006, the NIMH Division of Services and Intervention Research (DSIR) sponsored a national research conference on mental health economics.

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Promoting Indigenous Research on Suicide Prevention and Related Topics: A Workshop to Define Issues, Develop Strategies and Identify Sustaining Frameworks

Albuquerque, New Mexico

As a follow-up to the February 2006 meeting “Indigenous Suicide Prevention Research and Programs in Canada and the United States: Setting a Collaborative Agenda” NIMH supported a workshop to further identify challenges faced by indigenous researchers.

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Neuroimmunology, Brain Development, and Mental Disorders

Washington, DC

The purpose of this workshop was to discuss the role of neuroimmunologic factors in brain development and mental disorders.

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Trauma Spectrum Disorders: The Role of Gender, Race, and Other Socioeconomic Factors

Bethesda, Maryland

The meeting was convened to review existing science on trauma spectrum disorders related to military deployment, such as post-traumatic stress disorder and traumatic brain injury.

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Mental Illness, Incarceration, and Community Re-entry: Telepsychiatry and Continuity of Mental Health Care

Austin, Texas

Participants discussed whether current knowledge and practices related to the continuity of mental health care in general and telepsychiatry specifically are effective, and how effective methods can be generalized to other domains of mental health care.

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Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Women Returning from Combat

Washington, DC

The meeting brought together experts in the field to review sex and gender differences in PTSD, identified gaps in research, and generated ideas for new research approaches and initiatives.

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Genetics and Genomics of Social Behavior Workshop

Bethesda, Maryland

The National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute on Drug Abuse co-hosted a workshop for participants to (1) become familiar with how and which model organisms are being used currently in the field of social behavior and (2) identify opportunities that will benefit public health by supporting high-impact basic research exploring the genetics of social behavior.

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Cognitive Neuroscience Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia

Bethesda, Maryland

In February 2007, the National Institute of Mental Health sponsored a conference in Bethesda, Maryland that assembled basic and clinical cognitive neuroscientists, animal modelers from academia and industry, and clinical trial experts who share a common interest in developing neuroscience-based measures for assessing cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. Following invited talks by basic scientists and breakout groups involving all attendees, meeting participants suggested eight cognitive constructs for further measurement development within the areas of perception, attention, working memory, executive control, long term memory, and social-emotional processing.

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Second International Conference on HIV Treatment Adherence

Jersey City, New Jersey

In March 2007 in Jersey City, New Jersey, the National Institute of Mental Health and the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (IAPAC) hosted a state-of-the-science conference focused on understanding and enhancing patient adherence to HIV treatment regimens.

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Dissemination and Implementation Research Workshop: Harnessing Science to Maximize Health

Rockville, Maryland

On March 26, 2007, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) co-sponsored a meeting entitled “Dissemination and Implementation Research Workshop: Harnessing Science to Maximize Health.”

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Research on Antisocial Behaviors in Children: Future Directions

Bethesda, Maryland

In April 2007, the Division of Pediatric Translational Research and Treatment Development of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) hosted a workshop in Bethesda, Maryland that focused on identifying target areas for new research in the field of disruptive behavior disorders, specifically related to conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder.

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Partnerships to Integrate Evidence Based Mental Health Practices into Social Work Education and Research Meeting

Bethesda, Maryland

In April 2007, the Division of Services and Intervention Research, the Office of Special Populations, and the Office of Constituency Relations and Public Liaison of the National Institute of Mental Health hosted a meeting in which participants shared ideas on building and expanding collaborative relationships to support the further integration of research-based mental health practices into social work education.

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Evolving Mechanisms of HIV Neuropathogenesis: Domestic and Global Issues

Venice, Italy

NIMH co-sponsored an international meeting in Venice, Italy to discuss research on disease mechanisms that lead to chronic and milder forms of HIV-associated central nervous system (CNS) disease following long-term anti-retroviral therapy.

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NIMH Special Symposium: Mental Illness, the Person, and Prison

Bethesda, Maryland

In May 2007, NIMH hosted a symposium on the urgent problem of prisoners with serious mental illness.

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Behavioral and Social Sciences Research on HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

Tunis, Tunisia

The NIH Office of AIDS Research, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease sponsored a meeting to promote dialogue on HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), and to outline a research agenda that addresses behavioral and social science priorities for epidemiology and prevention, access to care, and treatment.

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Child and Adolescent Onset Schizophrenia: Research Challenges and Opportunities

Bethesda, Maryland

In June 2007, NIMH and the NIH ORD convened a meeting for brainstorming and discussion between basic, translational, and clinical investigators to review the current knowledge on causes, neurobiology, developmental trajectory, and treatment of child- and adolescent-onset schizophrenia.

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Are Endophenotypes for Genetic Studies of Suicidal Behavior within Reach?

New York, New York

This workshop was held to revisit the biological and behavioral underpinnings of suicidality. The meeting assembled leading researchers in suicide, neuroscience, genetics, epidemiology, imaging, and related fields to review promising findings, to discuss research gaps and opportunities, and to propose next steps toward the identification of relevant endophenotypes for suicidality.

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Third Annual Meeting of the Developing Centers for the Intervention and Prevention of Suicide

Washington, DC

NIMH, NIDA, and NIAAA co-sponsored a meeting of the Developing Centers for the Intervention and Prevention of Suicide.

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Novel Methods for Examining Prefrontal Interactions with Cortical and Subcortical Systems that Support Complex Mental Function

Rockville, Maryland

NIMH sponsored this workshop to identify the gaps in understanding of the anatomical and functional influences of the prefrontal cortex on circuits supporting complex mental functions, and to assess technologies that could enable a more precise understanding of these brain networks.

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NeuroAIDS in Asia and the Pacific Rim

Sydney, Australia

In conjunction with the fourth International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention held in Sydney, Australia, NIMH co-sponsored a meeting to highlight the current research relating to neurological and neuropsychological complications of HIV infection in the Asia Pacific region. The meeting also assessed the impact of HIV associated opportunistic and co-infections on the nervous system.

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Mental Health Consideration in Secondary HIV Prevention

Bethesda, Maryland

The Secondary Prevention and Translation Branch of NIMH’s Center for Mental Health Research on AIDS (CMHRA) hosted a meeting that focused on identifying target areas for new research on the intersection of secondary HIV prevention and mental health, specifically related to HIV-infected individuals with psychiatric disorders living in the United States.

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Enhancing the Impact of Mental Health Services Research

Washington, D.C.

The Services Research and Clinical Epidemiology Branch of DSIR sponsored the 19th National Conference on Mental Health Services Research: “Enhancing the Impact of Mental Health Services Research”.

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Cognition and Stress: Advances in Basic and Translational Research

Bethesda, Maryland

In July 2007, the NIMH Cognition Working Group held a multidisciplinary workshop to identify major trends, gaps, and opportunities in behavioral and biological research on cognition and stress.

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NIMH Annual International Research Conference on the Role of Families in Preventing and Adapting to HIV/AIDS

San Francisco, California

NIMH and the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies at UC San Francisco co-sponsored a conference in San Francisco aimed at Responding to the Social Context of HIV Risk The Role of Families and Support Networks.

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Roundtable on Mood Disorders and Hormonal Transitions

Washington, D.C.

NIMH co-sponsored the roundtable with the Society for Women’s Health Research. The meeting brought together experts in the areas of postpartum and perimenopause related depression, in order to share information regarding research in mood disorders associated with reproductive hormone change.

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Translational Approaches to Studying Repetitive Behavior and Resistance to Change in Autism

Washington, D.C.

NIMH held this multidisciplinary workshop to identify major trends, gaps, and opportunities in clinical and basic research on repetitive behavior and resistance to change in autism.

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NIH Conference on Building the Science of Dissemination and Implementation in the Service of Public Health

Bethesda, Maryland

OBSSR, NCI, NIDA, NIAAA, NICHD, and NIMH sponsored the first of five annual meetings on the state of the science of dissemination and implementation research.

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Strategies for Developing Novel Interventions for Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Bethesda, Maryland

The goal of this workshop was to explore novel treatment approaches to neurodevelopmental disorders and strategies for promoting the development of innovative therapeutic approaches.

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Design and Evaluation of Clinical Trials for PTSD: A VA, NIMH, DOD Working Group

Rockville, Maryland

NIMH joined the Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Research and Development, and the Department of Defense, Health Affairs, in organizing a two day working group to review, in the context of the recent IOM report, generally agreed upon standards for clinical trials in biomedical and behavioral research; discuss some of the clinical and research challenges associated with clinical trials for PTSD; and develop expert advice for surmounting these challenges in future intervention trials for PTSD.

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Child and Adolescent Effectiveness Research in Clinical Practice and Community Settings: Needs, Challenges, and Opportunities

Washington, D.C.

This workshop provided a forum for reviewing accomplishments and challenges in conducting effectiveness research in practice and other community settings and served as an opportunity for informally discussing promising approaches to further research. The focus of the meeting was on testing the effectiveness of treatment interventions for children and adolescents when delivered in clinical practice and other community settings, such as schools.

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Research Roundtable: Heterogeneity in Child and Adolescent Depression

Washington, DC

The purpose of this workshop was to discuss empirical evidence for sources of heterogeneity in child and adolescent depression, evaluate the significance of known heterogeneity, and identify promising research directions in this area.

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Workshop: "Neurobiological Basis of Circadian Rhythms Interaction with Complex Behavior"

Bethesda, Maryland

The overall goal of this workshop was to encourage and further extend research on the neurobiological mechanisms that underlie the association between circadian rhythms with higher brain functions and behaviors of importance to the NIMH research mission. The circadian clock controls a vast number of physiological variables, and disruptions of circadian rhythms have been implicated in psychiatric disorders. The rich progress in understanding both molecular circadian mechanism and behavioral circadian phenomenon, indicate that the field is now poised for a deeper and more mechanistic understanding of how circadian oscillators interact with brain circuits and neurotransmitter systems to influence diverse processes including emotion, cognition and social interactions.

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The 14th NIMH Biennial Research Conference on the Economics of Mental Health

Bethesda, Maryland

In September 2008, the NIMH Division of Services and Intervention Research sponsored the 14th NIMH Biennial Research Conference on the Economics of Mental Health. This year the program committee invited investigators to present original policy-relevant research that can contribute toward building a high performance mental health system.

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Optimizing fMRI Approaches to Adolescent Mental Disorders

Rockville, Maryland

On August 17–18, 2006, the National Institute of Mental Health sponsored a workshop that brought together researchers involved in the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study adolescent mental disorders and normal development, as well as scientists involved in integrating fMRI data with data from other imaging modalities. The goal was to address issues involved in such research toward the goal of optimizing study designs and approaches to improve our understanding of the neural bases of these disorders

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