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Meeting Summaries about Basic Research

Neurobiobank Meeting Summary

Rockville, MD

On May 14-15, 2012, NIMH, NICHD, and NINDS convened a meeting of brain banking experts from across the United States and with experts from the European Union’s Brain Banking network, BrainNet Europe. The goal of the meeting was to discuss issues related to the efforts by the three Institutes to take a more integrated and coordinated approach to brain banking in the U.S.

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Navigating Your Way through a Successful Research Career: An NIMH Workshop for Early Stage Investigators

Rockville, Maryland

On July 5-6, 2011, the Office for Research on Disparities and Global Mental Health (ORDGMH), in the Office of the Director of NIMH, sponsored a workshop for early stage investigators currently supported by Diversity and Re-entry Supplements, to provide the investigators with the tools necessary to continue along the path of competitive research support and the transition to independence. The workshop aimed to instill the importance of producing innovative research within the overall mission of the NIMH in these promising early career researchers. Content of the workshop emphasized issues relating to grantsmanship and strategies for successfully navigating obstacles and developing potential solutions on the journey to a successful research career.

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The Maturation of Functional Brain Networks: Insight into the Origins and Course of Mental Disorders

Washington, D.C.

Neural networks are a fundamental property of normal brain function, and dysregulated brain activity has been implicated in a wide array of mental disorders. In January 2011, NIMH convened a multi-disciplinary workshop of experts to discuss the opportunities and challenges of studying the maturation of neural networks in healthy and clinical populations. The workshop focused on non-invasive research tools, structure-function relationships, typical and atypical development, personalized biomarkers, and developmental connectivity maps.

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Using Stem Cells to Model Psychiatric Disorders: NIH Grantees Meeting

Bethesda, Maryland

In October 2010, the NIMH convened a meeting of NIH grantees who use stem cells, particularly those derived from patients, as tools to identify fundamental molecular and cellular defects and the role of altered developmental processes in psychiatric disorders.

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Research Careers in Global Mental Health

Bethesda, Maryland

On July 30, 2010, the Office for Research on Disparities and Global Mental Health (ORDGMH) in the Office of the Director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) invited students, post-doctoral trainees, and early stage investigators, as well as researchers, educators, practitioners, and federal government staff to discuss research careers in global mental health. This gathering of trainees and researchers occurred in response to the rapidly growing interest in global mental health as a career option.

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Navigating Your Way through a Successful Research Career: An NIMH Workshop for Early Stage Research Investigator

Bethesda, Maryland

On June 7-8, 2010, the Office for Research on Disparities and Global Mental Health (ORDGMH), in the Office of the Director of NIMH, sponsored a workshop for early stage research investigators currently supported by Diversity Supplements, to provide the investigators with the tools necessary to continue along the path of competitive research support and the transition to independence.

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Closing the Gaps: The Role of Research in Reducing Mental Health Disparities in the U.S.

Bethesda, Maryland

On May 5, 2010, the Office for Research on Disparities and Global Mental Health (ORDGMH) in the Office of the Director of NIMH convened a meeting of representatives of key federal agencies and thought leaders from a range of fields—including genetics, cultural neuroscience, epidemiology, psychology, clinical psychiatry, and community-based services and intervention research—to discuss novel directions that, if investigated empirically, could foster the reduction of mental health disparities across race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status (SES), and geography.

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NIMH Institutional Training Grant Program Directors Meeting

Bethesda, Maryland

T32 Program Directors and NIMH staff discussed the unique challenges and opportunities associated with training future NIMH investigators.

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Navigating Your Way through a Successful Research Career

Rockville, Maryland

NIMH sponsored a workshop to provide junior investigators with the tools necessary to continue along the path of competitive research support and transition to independence.

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New Perspectives in the Translational Neuroscience of Late Life Mental Disorders

Bethesda, Maryland

The goal of this workshop was to bring together basic and clinical researchers to identify key research questions relative to discovering the causes of mental disorders, and to chart mental illness trajectories to determine when, where and how to intervene.

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International Society for CNS Clinical Trials and Methodology (ISCTM) Meeting

Washington, DC

In February 2006, the ISCTM held this meeting by satellite on the NIMH initiative regarding treatment development for negative symptoms of schizophrenia.

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Benefits, Limitations, and Emerging Research Needs in Treating Youth with Depression

Washington, DC

On February 6 and 7, 2006, experts in child and adolescent depression met in Washington, DC to review the state of the science of the treatment of youth depression and discuss approaches to further research.

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Indigenous Suicide Prevention Research and Programs in Canada and the United States: Setting a Collaborative Agenda

Albuquerque, NM

In February 2006, a conference was convened to bring together representatives from research, service organizations, youth, community programs, and governments (across a range of countries, tribes, and villages) to share the most current information on Indigenous suicide, to find ways to foster communication and collaboration, and to form and support workgroups to bring substantive research and prevention efforts forward in a multi-year effort.

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NIMH Workshop for Emerging Research Investigators in Pediatric Mental Health: Making a Successful Transition to Research Career Independence

Bethesda, Maryland

This workshop focused on providing emerging investigators with resources necessary to initiate and continue on the path of research independence focused on child and adolescent research.

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NIMH/IAPAC International Conference on HIV Treatment Adherence

Jersey City, New Jersey

In March 2006, in Jersey City, New Jersey, NIMH and the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (IAPAC) hosted a state-of-the-science conference to examine strategies to understand and enhance adherence to antiretroviral regimens in a variety of settings.

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Developmental and Translational Models of Emotion Regulation and Dysregulation: Links to Childhood Affective Disorders

Bethesda, MD

On April 3 and 4, 2006, the National Institute of Mental Health sponsored a meeting that brought together basic and clinical scientists in the field of emotion regulation to review current models, identify research gaps, and propose promising directions for future research.

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Mapping the Landscape of Deployment Related Adjustment and Mental Disorders: A Working Group to Inform Research

Rockville, Maryland

NIMH joined the Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Research and Development, and the Department of Defense, United States Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, for a meeting to discuss progress and challenges in addressing deployment-related adjustment problems and mental disorders.

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HIV Preclinical — Clinical Therapeutics Research

Bethesda, Maryland

In May, the NIMH Center for Mental Health Research on AIDS convened this two-day meeting in Bethesda, Maryland

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Translational Research: Bridging Basic and Applied Perspectives

Rockville, Maryland

In May 2006, the Division of AIDS and Health and Behavior Research (DAHBR) sponsored this two-day meeting in Rockville, Maryland with the purpose of bringing together scientists whose work has focused on prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination, stigma, and related areas to assist NIMH in identifying (1) the most exciting and timely possibilities for translation and integration across basic and applied approaches, (2) the greatest gaps in knowledge, (3) barriers to conducting this kind of translational research, and (4) ways to overcome these barriers. The meeting was jointly planned and co-chaired by Jennifer Crocker, University of Michigan; Bernice Pescosolido, Indiana University; and Emeline Otey, DAHBR.

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NIH State of the Science Conference on Tobacco Use: Prevention, Cessation, and Control

Bethesda, Maryland

Tobacco use remains the Nation’s leading preventable cause of premature death.

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Gene x Environment Interactions and Developmental Psychopathology: Research Challenges and Opportunities

Washington, DC

The purpose of this workshop was to bring together researchers in developmental psychopathology, genetics, epidemiology, and related disciplines to determine: (1) the utility of the gene-by-environment (GxE) paradigm for informing disease processes during childhood and adolescence; (2) the translational relevance of research generated via the application of this paradigm; and, (3) the key issues and sources of complexity that need to be considered in applying this paradigm broadly and to pediatric populations specifically.

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Annual Computational Neuroscience (CNS) Meeting

Edinburgh, Scotland

NIMH provided partial support for the 15th annual CNS meeting held in July, in Edinburgh, Scotland. CNS is an interdisciplinary field forging a link between neuroscience, computer science, physics, and applied mathematics.

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Dimensional Approaches in Diagnostic Classification

Bethesda, Maryland

NIMH, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) supported the addition of a meeting on dimensional approaches to the series of meetings that the American Psychiatric Association is conducting in preparation for the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V).

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Annual Family and HIV/AIDS Meeting

San Juan, Puerto Rico

NIMH and the University of Puerto Rico cosponsored the Annual International Research Conference on the Role of Families in Preventing and Adapting to HIV/AIDS.

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Developing New Treatments for Tourette Syndrome: Clinical and Basic Science Dialogue

Washington, D.C.

In September, 2006, NINDS, NIMH, ORD, and the Tourette Syndrome Association (TSA) jointly sponsored a workshop to develop new and improved treatments for children and adults afflicted with Tourette syndrome (TS).

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Promoting Indigenous Research on Suicide Prevention and Related Topics: A Workshop to Define Issues, Develop Strategies and Identify Sustaining Frameworks

Albuquerque, New Mexico

As a follow-up to the February 2006 meeting “Indigenous Suicide Prevention Research and Programs in Canada and the United States: Setting a Collaborative Agenda” NIMH supported a workshop to further identify challenges faced by indigenous researchers.

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Neuroimmunology, Brain Development, and Mental Disorders

Washington, DC

The purpose of this workshop was to discuss the role of neuroimmunologic factors in brain development and mental disorders.

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Genetics and Genomics of Social Behavior Workshop

Bethesda, Maryland

The National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute on Drug Abuse co-hosted a workshop for participants to (1) become familiar with how and which model organisms are being used currently in the field of social behavior and (2) identify opportunities that will benefit public health by supporting high-impact basic research exploring the genetics of social behavior.

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Cognitive Neuroscience Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia

Bethesda, Maryland

In February 2007, the National Institute of Mental Health sponsored a conference in Bethesda, Maryland that assembled basic and clinical cognitive neuroscientists, animal modelers from academia and industry, and clinical trial experts who share a common interest in developing neuroscience-based measures for assessing cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. Following invited talks by basic scientists and breakout groups involving all attendees, meeting participants suggested eight cognitive constructs for further measurement development within the areas of perception, attention, working memory, executive control, long term memory, and social-emotional processing.

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Second International Conference on HIV Treatment Adherence

Jersey City, New Jersey

In March 2007 in Jersey City, New Jersey, the National Institute of Mental Health and the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (IAPAC) hosted a state-of-the-science conference focused on understanding and enhancing patient adherence to HIV treatment regimens.

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Partnerships to Integrate Evidence Based Mental Health Practices into Social Work Education and Research Meeting

Bethesda, Maryland

In April 2007, the Division of Services and Intervention Research, the Office of Special Populations, and the Office of Constituency Relations and Public Liaison of the National Institute of Mental Health hosted a meeting in which participants shared ideas on building and expanding collaborative relationships to support the further integration of research-based mental health practices into social work education.

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Evolving Mechanisms of HIV Neuropathogenesis: Domestic and Global Issues

Venice, Italy

NIMH co-sponsored an international meeting in Venice, Italy to discuss research on disease mechanisms that lead to chronic and milder forms of HIV-associated central nervous system (CNS) disease following long-term anti-retroviral therapy.

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NIMH Special Symposium: Mental Illness, the Person, and Prison

Bethesda, Maryland

In May 2007, NIMH hosted a symposium on the urgent problem of prisoners with serious mental illness.

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Behavioral and Social Sciences Research on HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)

Tunis, Tunisia

The NIH Office of AIDS Research, the National Institute of Mental Health, and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease sponsored a meeting to promote dialogue on HIV/AIDS in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), and to outline a research agenda that addresses behavioral and social science priorities for epidemiology and prevention, access to care, and treatment.

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Third Annual Meeting of the Developing Centers for the Intervention and Prevention of Suicide

Washington, DC

NIMH, NIDA, and NIAAA co-sponsored a meeting of the Developing Centers for the Intervention and Prevention of Suicide.

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Novel Methods for Examining Prefrontal Interactions with Cortical and Subcortical Systems that Support Complex Mental Function

Rockville, Maryland

NIMH sponsored this workshop to identify the gaps in understanding of the anatomical and functional influences of the prefrontal cortex on circuits supporting complex mental functions, and to assess technologies that could enable a more precise understanding of these brain networks.

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NeuroAIDS in Asia and the Pacific Rim

Sydney, Australia

In conjunction with the fourth International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention held in Sydney, Australia, NIMH co-sponsored a meeting to highlight the current research relating to neurological and neuropsychological complications of HIV infection in the Asia Pacific region. The meeting also assessed the impact of HIV associated opportunistic and co-infections on the nervous system.

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Mental Health Consideration in Secondary HIV Prevention

Bethesda, Maryland

The Secondary Prevention and Translation Branch of NIMH’s Center for Mental Health Research on AIDS (CMHRA) hosted a meeting that focused on identifying target areas for new research on the intersection of secondary HIV prevention and mental health, specifically related to HIV-infected individuals with psychiatric disorders living in the United States.

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Cognition and Stress: Advances in Basic and Translational Research

Bethesda, Maryland

In July 2007, the NIMH Cognition Working Group held a multidisciplinary workshop to identify major trends, gaps, and opportunities in behavioral and biological research on cognition and stress.

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NIMH Annual International Research Conference on the Role of Families in Preventing and Adapting to HIV/AIDS

San Francisco, California

NIMH and the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies at UC San Francisco co-sponsored a conference in San Francisco aimed at Responding to the Social Context of HIV Risk The Role of Families and Support Networks.

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Roundtable on Mood Disorders and Hormonal Transitions

Washington, D.C.

NIMH co-sponsored the roundtable with the Society for Women’s Health Research. The meeting brought together experts in the areas of postpartum and perimenopause related depression, in order to share information regarding research in mood disorders associated with reproductive hormone change.

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NIH Conference on Building the Science of Dissemination and Implementation in the Service of Public Health

Bethesda, Maryland

OBSSR, NCI, NIDA, NIAAA, NICHD, and NIMH sponsored the first of five annual meetings on the state of the science of dissemination and implementation research.

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Workshop: "Neurobiological Basis of Circadian Rhythms Interaction with Complex Behavior"

Bethesda, Maryland

The overall goal of this workshop was to encourage and further extend research on the neurobiological mechanisms that underlie the association between circadian rhythms with higher brain functions and behaviors of importance to the NIMH research mission. The circadian clock controls a vast number of physiological variables, and disruptions of circadian rhythms have been implicated in psychiatric disorders. The rich progress in understanding both molecular circadian mechanism and behavioral circadian phenomenon, indicate that the field is now poised for a deeper and more mechanistic understanding of how circadian oscillators interact with brain circuits and neurotransmitter systems to influence diverse processes including emotion, cognition and social interactions.

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The 14th NIMH Biennial Research Conference on the Economics of Mental Health

Bethesda, Maryland

In September 2008, the NIMH Division of Services and Intervention Research sponsored the 14th NIMH Biennial Research Conference on the Economics of Mental Health. This year the program committee invited investigators to present original policy-relevant research that can contribute toward building a high performance mental health system.

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