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HIV Testing and Social Determinants Program

Overview

This program specifically encourages studies to develop and test novel approaches to increase HIV testing and identification of HIV-infected individuals for active linkage to care, or high-risk HIV-uninfected individuals for active linkage to ongoing prevention services. This program also encourages research to understand social determinants (e.g., stigma) and to intervene on the socioecological factors that can facilitate or impede optimal access to and use of effective HIV prevention strategies (e.g., HIV testing and HIV Care Continuum). Socioecological factors of interest include, but are not limited to societal policies, structural and economic influences, environmental and community settings, sexual and social networks, and individual mental health functioning. Studies that investigate the optimal combination of interventions, including multi-level approaches to ensure the most effective uptake and effectiveness of HIV prevention and testing are encouraged as well. Research may be conducted in U.S. domestic settings or in international settings that have high HIV incidence or prevalence, with an emphasis on approaches likely to have broad impact.

Areas of Emphasis

  • Develop and test interventions to address the multiple influences of society (e.g., structural factors such as economic, legal, stigma or healthcare practices or policies), community (e.g., settings such as neighborhoods), interpersonal (e.g., sexual or social networks), and the individual (e.g., mental health and well-being) on the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS.
  • Develop and test innovative and novel approaches to expanded HIV testing and linkage to prevention or care services, and examine public health impact.
  • Investigate the optimal combination of interventions (e.g., health and mental health screening and care) to ensure the most effective HIV testing, linkage to prevention or care, and treatment approaches.

Contact

Gregory Greenwood, PhD, MPH
5601 Fishers Lane, Room 9G13B
Rockville, MD 20852
240-669-5532, gregory.greenwood@nih.gov