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Implementation Science Program

Overview

There are now numerous examples where access to HIV prevention and treatment tools, targeted deployment of evidence-based intervention, and community mobilization and partnerships has resulted in 80-90% rates of population-level viral suppression. To continue to effectively implement evidence-based HIV prevention and treatment tools at scale, implementation science studies are needed to better understand the process at multiple levels; for example, context, culture, systems, organizations, providers, support staff, consumers and family members, and policy makers. Each of these factors and stakeholders can influence the adoption, adaptation, integration, scale-up and sustainability of effective tools and interventions.

This program encourages research to enhance the uptake, effectiveness and efficiency of evidence-based interventions, and to inform and enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of interventions currently available in the continuum of HIV prevention, HIV testing, and HIV care, to maximize community impact.

Areas of Emphasis

Areas of programmatic interest include, but are not limited to:

  • The prevention capacity of systems, providers, or operational tools to target evidence-based interventions (EBIs) to the persons at highest risk for HIV in their communities;
  • The implementation (uptake, effectiveness, efficiency) of individual and/or combination EBIs designed to maximize HIV testing, linkage to HIV care, earlier treatment initiation, adherence and engagement HIV testing, including advancements in approaches and technologies;
  • The impact of varying models of differentiated HIV care on HIV care continuum outcomes, including studies to evaluate optimal approaches to integrate HIV prevention, care, and treatment into community care with related services (mental health, sexually transmitted infections, family planning, prenatal care, malaria, tuberculosis).

Contact

Gregory Greenwood, PhD, MPH
5601 Fishers Lane, Room 9G13B
Rockville, MD 20852
240-669-5532, gregory.greenwood@nih.gov