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Global Leading Categories of Diseases/Disorders

  • What are DALYs?
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates below represent broad categories of diseases/disorders and the percentage that each category contributes to total global DALYs.
  • Neuropsychiatric disorders are the third leading cause of global DALYs, following cardiovascular and circulatory diseases and diarrhea, lower respiratory infections, meningitis, and other common infectious diseases.
  • The neuropsychiatric disorders category includes:
    • Mental and behavioral disorders, which account for 7.4 percent of total global DALYs; and,
    • Neurological disorders, which account for 3.0 percent of total global DALYs.

Top 10 Leading Disease/Disorder Categories Contributing to Global DALYS (2010)

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Whiteford HA et al. Global burden of disease attributable to mental and substance use disorders: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet, 382(9904): 1575-86, 2013.

Murray CJ et al. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet,380(9859): 2197-223, 2012.