Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by:
- Ongoing social problems that include difficulty communicating and interacting with others
- Repetitive behaviors as well as limited interests or activities
- Symptoms that typically are recognized in the first two years of life
- Symptoms that hurt the individual’s ability to function socially, at school or work, or other areas of life
Additional information can be found on the NIMH Health Topics page on Autism Spectrum Disorder and on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Autism Spectrum Disorder web page.
Prevalence of ASD
- Prevalence data for ASD comes from the CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network.
- The table below shows data from the most recent ADDM Network prevalence estimates (published March, 2020). Data were collected from health and special education records of 8-year-old children living in 11 areas of the United States during 2016.
- Across the CDC surveillance sites, an average of 1 in every 54 (1.9%) 8-year-old children were identified as having ASD in 2016.
- ASD is 4.3 times more common in boys (3.0%) than in girls (0.7%).
- ASD is reported to occur in all racial and ethnic groups.
|Prevalence**||Percent**||About 1 in every "x" children**|
|Overall||18.5 per 1,000||1.9%||1 in 54|
|Sex||Boys||29.7 per 1,000||3.0%||1 in 34|
|Girls||6.9 per 1,000||0.7%||1 in 145|
|Race/Ethnicity||White||18.5 per 1,000||1.9%||1 in 54|
|Black||18.3 per 1,000||1.8%||1 in 55|
|Asian/Pacific Islander||17.9 per 1,000||1.8%||1 in 56|
|Hispanic***||15.4 per 1,000||1.5%||1 in 60|
*The percent (i.e., rate per 100) was calculated by NIMH.
** Please see the measurement caveats regarding age below.
***All other groups are non-Hispanic.
Maenner MJ, Shaw KA, Baio J, et al. Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among Children Aged 8 Years — Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 11 Sites, United States, 2016. MMWR Surveill Summ 2020, 69 (No. SS-4): 1-12. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/ss/ss6904a1.htm
The ADDM Network is a group of programs funded by the CDC to estimate the number of children with ASD and other developmental disabilities living in different areas of the United States. The ADDM Network prevalence estimates are based on data collected from health and special education records of 8-year-old children living in 11 areas of the United States during 2016.
- ASD prevalence estimates vary by state. The final numbers only represent averages from across the states included in the ADDM Network. These data may not be interpreted as applying to the overall U.S. prevalence rate for ASD.
- The data were collected only for 8-year-olds. These data may not be extrapolated and applied for other age cohorts.