Skip to main content

Transforming the understanding
and treatment of mental illnesses.

Emotional and Developmental Branch Emotion and Development Branch (E & D)


Pediatric Irritability: A Systems Neuroscience Approach. Leibenluft E. (2017). Trends in Cognitive Science. 21: 277-289. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2017.02.002. PMID: 28274677.

Irritability, anxiety, and the neural processes of implicit face emotion processing in youth. Stoddard, J., Tseng, W.-L., Kim, P., Chen, G., Yi, J., Donahue, L., Brotman, M.A., Towbin, K.E., Pine, D.S., Leibenluft, E. (2017).. Journal of the American Medical Association Psychiatry. 74, 95-103. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.3282. PMID: 27902832.

Irritability in youths: A translational model. Brotman, M.A., Kircanski, K., Stringaris, A., Pine, D.S., Leibenluft, E. (2017). American Journal of Psychiatry. 174, 520-532 doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2016.16070839 PMID: 28103715.

Neural correlates of irritability in disruptive mood dysregulation and bipolar disorder. Wiggins J.L., Brotman M.A., Adleman N.E., Kim P., Oakes A.H., Reynolds R.C., Chen G., Pine D.S., Leibenluft, E. (2016). American Journal of Psychiatry. 173, 722-730. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2015.15060833. PMID: 26892942.

Severe mood dysregulation, irritability, and the diagnostic boundaries of bipolar disorder in youths. Leibenluft E. Am J Psychiatry. 2011 Feb;168(2):129-42. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2010.10050766. Epub 2010 Dec 1. PMID: 21123313.

Defining clinical phenotypes of juvenile mania. Leibenluft E, Charney DS, Towbin KE, Bhangoo RK, Pine DS. Am J Psychiatry. 2003 Mar;160(3):430-7. PMID: 12611821.