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Transforming the understanding
and treatment of mental illnesses.

Human Genetics Branch Human Genetics Branch


Selected Publications

Lee NR, Niu X, Zhang F, Clasen LS, Kozel BA, Smith ACM, Wallace GL, Raznahan A. Variegation of autism related traits across seven neurogenetic disorders.Transl Psychiatry. 2022 Apr 7;12(1):149. doi: 10.1038/s41398-022-01895-0.PMID: 35393403

Mallard TT, Liu S, Seidlitz J, Ma Z, Moraczewski D, Thomas A, Raznahan A X-chromosome influences on neuroanatomical variation in humans. Nat Neurosci. 2021 Sep;24(9):1216-1224. doi: 10.1038/s41593-021-00890-w. Epub 2021 Jul 22.PMID: 34294918

Nadig A, Seidlitz J, McDermott CL, Liu S, Bethlehem R, Moore TM, Mallard TT, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Lalonde F, Gur RC, Gur RE, Bullmore ET, Satterthwaite TD, Raznahan A. Morphological integration of the human brain across adolescence and adulthood. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2021 Apr 6;118(14):e2023860118. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2023860118.PMID: 33811142

Liu S, Seidlitz J, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Raznahan A. Integrative structural, functional, and transcriptomic analyses of sex-biased brain organization in humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Aug 4;117(31):18788-18798. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1919091117. Epub 2020 Jul 20.PMID: 32690678

Seidlitz J, Nadig A, Liu S, Bethlehem RAI, Vértes PE, Morgan SE, Váša F, Romero-Garcia R, Lalonde FM, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Paquola C, Bernhardt B, Wagstyl K, Polioudakis D, de la Torre-Ubieta L, Geschwind DH, Han JC, Lee NR, Murphy DG, Bullmore ET, Raznahan A. Transcriptomic and cellular decoding of regional brain vulnerability to neurogenetic disorders. Nat Commun. 2020 Jul 3;11(1):3358. doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-17051-5.PMID: 32620757

Rau S, Whitman ET, Schauder K, Gogate N, Lee NR, Kenworthy L, Raznahan A. Patterns of psychopathology and cognition in sex chromosome aneuploidy. J Neurodev Disord. 2021 Dec 15;13(1):61. doi: 10.1186/s11689-021-09407-9.PMID: 34911436

Warling A, McDermott CL, Liu S, Seidlitz J, Rodrigue AL, Nadig A, Gur RC, Gur RE, Roalf D, Moore TM, Glahn D, Satterthwaite TD, Bullmore ET, Raznahan A. Regional White Matter Scaling in the Human Brain. J Neurosci. 2021 Aug 18;41(33):7015-7028. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1193-21.2021. Epub 2021 Jul 9.PMID: 34244364

Raznahan A, Disteche CM. X-chromosome regulation and sex differences in brain anatomy. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2021 Jan;120:28-47. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.10.024. Epub 2020 Nov 7.PMID: 33171144

Fish AM, Nadig A, Seidlitz J, Reardon PK, Mankiw C, McDermott CL, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Lalonde F, Lerch JP, Chakravarty MM, Shinohara RT, Raznahan A. Sex-biased trajectories of amygdalo-hippocampal morphology change over human development. Neuroimage. 2020 Jan 1;204:116122. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116122. Epub 2019 Aug 27.PMID: 31470127

Jowhar Z, Shachar S, Gudla PR, Wangsa D, Torres E, Russ JL, Pegoraro G, Ried T, Raznahan A, Misteli T. Effects of human sex chromosome dosage on spatial chromosome organization. Mol Biol Cell. 2018 Oct 1;29(20):2458-2469. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E18-06-0359. Epub 2018 Aug 9.PMID: 30091656

McDermott CL, Seidlitz J, Nadig A, Liu S, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Reardon PK, Lalonde F, Greenstein D, Patel R, Chakravarty MM, Lerch JP, Raznahan A. Longitudinally Mapping Childhood Socioeconomic Status Associations with Cortical and Subcortical Morphology. J Neurosci. 2019 Feb 20;39(8):1365-1373.

Nadig A, Reardon PK, Seidlitz J, McDermott CL, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Lalonde F, Lerch JP, Chakravarty MM, Raznahan A. Carriage of Supernumerary Sex Chromosomes Decreases the Volume and Alters the Shape of Limbic Structures. eNeuro. 2018 Nov 29;5(5). pii: ENEURO.0265-18.2018.

Joseph L, Farmer C, Chlebowski C, Henry L, Fish A, Mankiw C, Xenophontos A, Clasen L, Sauls B, Seidlitz J, Blumenthal J, Torres E, Thurm A, Raznahan A. Characterization of autism spectrum disorder and neurodevelopmental profiles in youth with XYY syndrome. J Neurodev Disord. 2018 Oct 22;10(1):30.

Alexander-Bloch AF, Shou H, Liu S, Satterthwaite TD, Glahn DC, Shinohara RT, Vandekar SN, Raznahan A. On testing for spatial correspondence between maps of human brain structure and function. Neuroimage. 2018 Sep;178:540-551.

Raznahan A. Genetics-First Approaches in Biological Psychiatry. Biol Psychiatry. 2018 Aug 15;84(4):234-235.

Mankiw C, Park MTM, Reardon PK, Fish AM, Clasen LS, Greenstein D, Giedd JN, Blumenthal JD, Lerch JP, Chakravarty MM, Raznahan A. Allometric Analysis Detects Brain Size-Independent Effects of Sex and Sex Chromosome Complement on Human Cerebellar Organization. J Neurosci. 2017 May 24;37(21):5221-5231.

Alexander-Bloch A, Clasen L, Stockman M, Ronan L, Lalonde F, Giedd J, Raznahan A. Subtle in-scanner motion biases automated measurement of brain anatomy from in vivo MRI. Hum Brain Mapp. 2016 Jul;37(7):2385-97.

Fish AM, Cachia A, Fischer C, Mankiw C, Reardon PK, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Greenstein D, Giedd JN, Mangin JF, Raznahan A. Influences of Brain Size, Sex, and Sex Chromosome Complement on the Architecture of Human Cortical Folding. Cereb Cortex. 2016 Oct 31.

Lin A, Clasen L, Lee NR, Wallace GL, Lalonde F, Blumenthal J, Giedd JN, Raznahan A. Mapping the stability of human brain asymmetry across five sex-chromosome aneuploidies. J Neurosci. 2015 Jan 7;35(1):140-5.

Raznahan A, Shaw P, Lalonde F, Stockman M, Wallace GL, Greenstein D, Clasen L, Gogtay N, Giedd JN (2011) How does your cortex grow? J Neurosci 31:7174–7177.

Raznahan A, Lerch JP, Lee N, Greenstein D, Wallace GL, Stockman M, Clasen L, Shaw PW, Giedd JN (2011) Patterns of coordinated anatomical change in human cortical development: a longitudinal neuroimaging study of maturational coupling. Neuron 72:873–884.

Raznahan A, Greenstein D, Lee NR, Clasen LS, Giedd JN (2012) Prenatal growth in humans and postnatal brain maturation into late adolescence. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:11366–11371.

Raznahan A, Wallace GL, Antezana L, Greenstein D, Lenroot R, Thurm A, Gozzi M, Spence S, Martin A, Swedo SE, Giedd JN (2013) Compared to what? Early brain overgrowth in autism and the perils of population norms. Biol Psychiatry 74:563–575.

Raznahan A, Shaw PW, Lerch JP, Clasen LS, Greenstein D, Berman R, Pipitone J, Chakravarty MM, Giedd JN (2014) Longitudinal four-dimensional mapping of subcortical anatomy in human development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U A 111:1592–1597.

Raznahan A, Lee NR, Greenstein D, Wallace GL, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Giedd JN (2014) Globally Divergent but Locally Convergent X- and Y-Chromosome Influences on Cortical Development. Cereb Cortex Available at:

Raznahan A, Lue Y, Probst F, Greenstein D, Giedd J, Wang C, Lerch J, Swerdloff R (2014) Triangulating the sexually dimorphic brain through high-resolution neuroimaging of murine sex chromosome aneuploidies. Brain Struct Funct

Raznahan A. Sizing up the search for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk markers during prenatal and early postnatal life. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2014 Oct;53(10):1045-7.

Raznahan A, Parikshak NN, Chandran V, Blumenthal JD, Clasen LS, Alexander-Bloch AF, Zinn AR, Wangsa D, Wise J, Murphy DGM, Bolton PF, Ried T, Ross J, Giedd JN, Geschwind DH. Sex-chromosome dosage effects on gene expression in humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Jul 10;115(28):7398-7403.

Reardon PK, Clasen L, Giedd JN, Blumenthal J, Lerch JP, Chakravarty MM, Raznahan A. An Allometric Analysis of Sex and Sex Chromosome Dosage Effects on Subcortical Anatomy in Humans. J Neurosci. 2016 Feb 24;36(8):2438-48.

Reardon PK, Seidlitz J, Vandekar S, Liu S, Patel R, Park MTM, Alexander-Bloch A, Clasen LS, Blumenthal JD, Lalonde FM, Giedd JN, Gur RC, Gur RE, Lerch JP, Chakravarty MM, Satterthwaite TD, Shinohara RT, Raznahan A. Normative brain size variation and brain shape diversity in humans. Science. 2018 Jun 15;360(6394):1222-1227. Available at:

Seidlitz J, Váša F, Shinn M, Romero-Garcia R, Whitaker KJ, Vértes PE, Wagstyl K, Kirkpatrick Reardon P, Clasen L, Liu S, Messinger A, Leopold DA, Fonagy P, Dolan RJ, Jones PB, Goodyer IM; NSPN Consortium, Raznahan A, Bullmore ET. Morphometric Similarity Networks Detect Microscale Cortical Organization and Predict Inter-Individual Cognitive Variation. Neuron. 2018 Jan 3;97(1):231-247.e7.

All Publications in Pubmed

See all SDN-related publications in PubMed

Legacy publications of the Child Psychiatry Branch on X and Y chromosome aneuploidies

Blumenthal JD, Baker EH, Lee NR, Wade B, Clasen LS, Lenroot RK, Giedd JN. Brain morphological abnormalities in 49, XXXXY syndrome: A pediatric magnetic resonance imaging study. NeuroImage: Clinical, Volume 2, 2013, Pages 197–203.

Giedd JN, Clasen LS, Wallace GL, Lenroot RK, Lerch JP, Wells EM, Blumenthal JD, Nelson JE, Tossell JW, Stayer C, Evans AC, Samango-Sprouse CA. XXY (Klinefelter syndrome): a pediatric quantitative brain magnetic resonance imaging case-control study. Pediatrics. 2007 Jan;119(1):e232-40.

Hanley AP, Blumenthal JD, Lee NR, Baker EH, Clasen LS, Giedd JN. Brain and behavior in 48, XXYY syndrome. NeuroImage: Clinical 8, 133-139.

Lenroot RK, Blumenthal JD, Wallace GL, Clasen LS, Lee NR, Giedd JN. A case-control study of brain structure and behavioral characteristics in 47,XXX syndrome. Genes Brain Behav. 2014 Nov;13(8):841-9.