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Science News About Children and Adolescents

Understanding the Brain Mechanisms of Irritability in Youth

Science Update

Researchers have identified differences in how the brains of irritable youth react to frustration, findings that could provide new paths for developing treatments for children and adolescents with severe irritability.

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Inflammation in Pregnant Moms Linked to Child’s Brain Development

Science Update

High levels of maternal inflammation during pregnancy have been linked to effects in children, including reduced brain circuit communications and altered long-distance brain wiring at birth, poorer cognitive function at one year – and to reduced impulse control and working memory at two years.

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“Covert” Neurofeedback Tunes-up the Social Brain in ASD

Science Update

Young people with autism unknowingly tuned up flagging neural connections by playing a picture puzzle game that was rigged by their own brain activity.

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Therapy Reduces Risk in Suicidal Youth

Science Update

A recent clinical trial of a psychotherapy called dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)—which has been shown to be effective in reducing suicide-related behavior in adults—showed that DBT can also reduce suicide attempts and suicidal behavior in adolescents.

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Intervention Shows Promise for Treating Depression in Preschool-Aged Children

Press Release

Researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health have shown that a therapy-based treatment for disruptive behavioral disorders can be adapted and used as an effective treatment option for early childhood depression.

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Age-Related Racial Disparity in Suicide Rates Among U.S. Youth

Press Release

Researchers have discovered an age-related racial disparity in suicide rates for U.S. youth between the ages of 5 and 17. The findings suggest a need for more research into contributing factors and targeted interventions for children.

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NIMH to Host Twitter Chat on Teen Depression

Institute Update

On May 3, 2018, join NIMH for a Twitter chat on teen depression with experts Dr. Argyris Stringaris and Dr. Ken Towbin.

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NIH Releases First Dataset from Unprecedented Study of Adolescent Brain Development

Press Release

The National Institutes of Health released to the scientific community an unparalleled dataset from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study.

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Intramural Researchers Develop Suicide Risk Screening Toolkit for Medical Settings

Science Update

NIMH researchers have developed a brief screening questionnaire for medical professionals to identify youth at risk for suicide.

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Patient-Derived Support Cells Stunt Mouse Brain Development

Science Update

Support cells generated from patients with childhood onset schizophrenia stunted neural circuit development when grafted into developing mouse brains.

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Guidelines published for treating PANS/PANDAS

Science Update

An expert panel has published guidelines for treatment of Pediatric Acute Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS) and a subset of patients diagnosed with PAN Disorder Associated with Streptococcal Infection (PANDAS).

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Connections Strengthen Within Specialized Networks as Brain’s Executive Function Matures

Science Update

As we grow up, our brain’s specialized networks become more structurally segregated, contributing to improved executive functioning. These densely interconnected “modules” process information for key functions that underlie development of mental control and self-regulation.

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Pediatrics-based Brief Therapy Outdoes Referral for Youths with Anxiety and Depression

Science Update

A streamlined behavioral therapy delivered in a pediatrics practice offered much greater benefit to youth with anxiety and depression than a more standard referral to mental health care with follow-up in a clinical trial comparing the two approaches.

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Higher Death Rate Among Youth with First Episode Psychosis

Press Release

A new study shows that young people with first episode psychosis have a much higher death rate than previously thought. Researchers looked at people aged 16-30 and found that the group died at a rate at least 24 times greater than the same age group in the general population.

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Recruitment Begins for Landmark Study of Adolescent Brain Development

Press Release

The study will follow the biological and behavioral development of more than 10,000 children through adolescence into early adulthood.

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Game Corrects Children’s Misreading of Emotional Faces to Tame Irritability

Science Update

A computer game that changes a tendency to misread ambiguous faces as angry is showing promise as a potential treatment for irritability in children

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Students Explore the Brain with NIH Scientists

Press Release

Students explore the brain with NIH scientists in celebration of Brain Awareness Week (March 14-18, 2016).

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Symptoms Outdo Diagnoses in Predicting Bipolar Disorder in At-Risk Youth

Science Update

Three types of symptoms emerged as powerful predictors of whether a youth with one parent with bipolar disorder will go on to develop the disorder, according to a new NIMH-funded study of 391 at-risk youth.

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Federal Agencies Partner to Promote Coordinated Services for Patients with First Episode Psychosis

Science Update

On October 16, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services announced support for a new treatment for first episode psychosis called coordinated specialty care (CSC). This decision means more clinics may be able to offer CSC and it may become more readily available.

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Team-based Treatment is Better for First Episode Psychosis

Press Release

New research shows that a team-based, coordinated specialty care treatment plan produces better outcomes than typical community care for people with first episode psychosis. Investigators also found that treatment is most effective for people who receive care soon after psychotic symptoms begin.

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Psychosis Treatment Program Expands in New York

Science Update

New York expanded OnTrackNY, a treatment program for youth with psychosis which is an offshoot of one of the two NIMH-funded Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) studies.

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NIH Joins Public-Private Partnership to Fund Research on Autism Biomarkers

Press Release

James McPartland, Ph.D. of Yale University will lead a new four-year $28 million Biomarkers Consortium project that aims to improve clinical evaluation of treatments for social impairment in children with autism.

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Boys More Likely to Have Antipsychotics Prescribed, Regardless of Age

Press Release

Boys are more likely than girls to receive an antipsychotic prescription regardless of age, according to a new study published in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Personalized Screen to ID Suicidal Teens in 14 ERs

Science Update

A new study will develop and test a personalized, computer-based suicide risk screening tool to help ERs identify troubled teenagers.

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NIMH Twitter Chat on Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis

Science Update

NIMH Twitter Chat on Autism Spectrum Disorder Diagnosis

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Learn About the Adolescent Brain with Expert Dr. Jay Giedd on May 8!

Science Update

NIMH expert Dr. Jay Giedd will discuss the developing adolescent brain at a community event on May 8. The event will be video archived.

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Disorganized Cortical Patches Suggest Prenatal Origin of Autism

Press Release

The architecture of the autistic brain is speckled with patches of abnormal neurons, according to research partially funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, published in the New England Journal of Medicine on March 27, 2014.

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NIMH Scientists Help Students Learn About the Brain at NMHM

Science Update

NIMH scientists presented hands-on demonstrations of neural electrical activity at the National Museum of Health and Medicine Brain Awareness Week program, March 12, 2014.

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NIMH Twitter Chat on Eating Disorders

Science Update

NIMH Twitter Chat on Eating Disorders

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Join the 2014 Drug Facts Chat Day

Science Update

Join the 2014 Drug Facts Chat Day

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