Skip to main content

Transforming the understanding
and treatment of mental illnesses.

Celebrating 75 Years! Learn More >>

Noninvasive Neuromodulation Unit (NNU) Noninvasive Neuromodulation Unit (NNU)



  • Regenold, WT, Deng, ZD. & Lisanby, SH (2022) Noninvasive neuromodulation of the prefrontal cortex in mental health disorders. Neuropsychopharmacol 47:361–372

  • Blanken MAJT, Oudega ML, Schouws SNTM, van Zanten JS, Gatchel JR, Regenold WT, Dols A. Is ECT a viable option to treat depression in older adults with bipolar disorder who are vulnerable to cognitive side effects? Bipolar Disorders. 2021 Mar;23(2):218-220. doi: 10.1111/bdi.13005. Epub 2020 Oct 9 PMID: 32985049; PMCID: PMC7984253

  • Fried PJ, Santarnecchi E, Antal A, Bartres-Faz D, Bestmann S, Carpenter LL, Celnik P, Edwards D, Farzan F, Fecteau S, George MS, He B, Kim YH, Leocani L, Lisanby SH, Loo C, Luber B, Nitsche MA, Paulus W, Rossi S, Rossini PM, Rothwell J, Sack AT, Thut G, Ugawa Y, Ziemann U, Hallett M, Pascual-Leone A. (2020) Training in the practice of noninvasive brain stimulation: Recommendations from an IFCN committee. Clin Neurophysiol 132(3):819-837

  • Beynel L, Powers JP, Appelbaum LG. (2020) Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on resting-state connectivity: A systematic review. Neuroimage 211

  • Deng ZD, Luber B, Balderston NL, Velez Afanador M, Noh MM, Thomas J, Altekruse WC, Exley SL, Awasthi S, Lisanby SH. (2020) Device-Based Modulation of Neurocircuits as a Therapeutic for Psychiatric Disorders. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol 60:591-614

  • Sathappan AV, Luber BM, Lisanby SH. (2019) The Dynamic Duo: Combining noninvasive brain stimulation with cognitive interventions. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 89:347-360

  • Peroski MS, Chu M M, Doddi SR, Regenold WT: The safety of electroconvulsive therapy in patients with implanted deep brain stimulators: a review of the literature and case report. JECT. 2019 Jun;35(2):84-90. doi: 10.1097/YCT.0000000000000554 PMID: 30407933


  • Doddi SR, Lotz M, Regenold WT, Adler L: Electroconvulsive Therapy in a Patient with Recent Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. JECT, 2018 Mar;34(1):e2-e4. doi: 10.1097/YCT.0000000000000453 PMID: 28976440

  • Slade EP, Jahn DR, Regenold WT, Case BG: Population Effects of Electroconvulsive Therapy on Psychiatric Readmissions in U.S. Hospitals. JAMA Psychiatry, 2017 Aug 1;74(8):798-804. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.1378 PMID: 28658489

  • Kellner C, Husain M, Knapp R, McCall V, Petriedes G, Rudorfer M, Young R, Sampson S, McClintock S, Mueller M, Prudic J, Greenberg R, Weiner R, Bailine S, Rosenquist P, Raza A, Kaliora S, Latoussakis V, Tobias K, Liebman L, Geduldig E, Teklehaimano A, Dooley M, Lisanby S (2016) A Novel Strategy for Continuation ECT in Geriatric Depression: Phase 2 of the PRIDE Study. Am J Psychiatry

  • Kellner C, Husain M, Knapp R, McCall V, Petriedes G, Rudorfer M, Young R, McClintock S, Mueller M, Prudic J, Greenberg R, Weiner R, Bailine S, Raza A, Kaliora S, Latoussakis V, Tobias K, Liebman L, Geduldig E, Teklehaimano A, Lisanby S (2016) Right Unilateral Ultrabrief Pulse ECT in Geriatric Depression: Phase 1 of the PRIDE Study. Am J Psychiatry

  • Friel KM, Kuo HC, Fuller J, Ferre CL, Brandão M, Carmel JB, Bleyenheuft Y, Gowatsky JL, Stanford AD, Rowny SB, Luber B, Bassi B, Murphy DL, Lisanby SH, Gordon AM (2016) Skilled Bimanual Training Drives Motor Cortex Plasticity in Children With Unilateral Cerebral Palsy. Neurorehabil Neural Repair

  • Goetz SM, Luber B, Lisanby SH, Murphy DL, Kozyrkov IC, Grill WM, Peterchev AV (2016) Enhancement of Neuromodulation with Novel Pulse Shapes Generated by Controllable Pulse Parameter Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. Brain Stimul 9:39-47

  • Kuo HC, Ferre CL, Carmel JB, Gowatsky JL, Stanford AD, Rowny SB, Lisanby SH, Gordon AM, Friel KM (2016) Using diffusion tensor imaging to identify corticospinal tract projection patterns in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy. Dev Med Child Neurol

  • Lee WH, Lisanby SH, Laine AF, Peterchev AV (2016) Comparison of electric field strength and spatial distribution of electroconvulsive therapy and magnetic seizure therapy in a realistic human head model. Eur Psychiatry 36:55-64

  • Lisanby S (2016) Magnetic Seizure Therapy for the Treatment of Depression, in Brain Stimulation: Methodologies and Interventions. pp. 123-148.

  • Deng ZD, Lisanby SH, Peterchev AV (2015) Effect of anatomical variability on electric field characteristics of electroconvulsive therapy and magnetic seizure therapy: a parametric modeling study. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 23:22-31

  • Deng ZD, Lisanby SH, Peterchev AV (2015) On the characterization of coils for deep transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin Neurophysiol 126:1456-7

  • Deng ZD, Lisanby SH, Peterchev AV (2015) On the stimulation depth of transcranial magnetic stimulation coils. Clin Neurophysiol 126:843-4

  • Deng ZD, McClinctock SM, Lisanby SH (2015) Brain network properties in depressed patients receiving seizure therapy: A graph theoretical analysis of peri-treatment resting EEG. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2015:2203-6

  • Deng ZD, McClintock SM, Oey NE, Luber B, Lisanby SH (2015) Neuromodulation for mood and memory: from the engineering bench to the patient bedside. Curr Opin Neurobiol 30:38-43

  • Goetz SM, Lisanby SH, Murphy DL, Price RJ, O'Grady G, Peterchev AV (2015) Impulse noise of transcranial magnetic stimulation: measurement, safety, and auditory neuromodulation. Brain Stimul 8:161-3

  • Kellner CH, Geduldig ET, Knapp RG, Young RC, Weiner RD, Greenberg RM, Prudic J, McCall WV, Petrides G, Husain MM, Rudorfer MV, Lisanby SH (2015) More data on speed of remission with ECT in geriatric depression. Br J Psychiatry 206:167

  • Kellner CH, PRIDE Investigators Group, Lisanby SH, Weiner R, Prudic J, Rudorfer MV, Young RC, Petrides G, Vaughn McCall W, Husain M, Greenberg RM, Knapp RG (2015) Speed of response to electroconvulsive therapy compared with ketamine. Psychiatry Res 225:215

  • Landeros-Weisenberger A, Mantovani A, Motlagh MG, de Alvarenga PG, Katsovich L, Leckman JF, Lisanby SH (2015) Randomized Sham Controlled Double-blind Trial of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Adults With Severe Tourette Syndrome. Brain Stimul 8:574-81

  • Lee WH, Lisanby SH, Laine AF, Peterchev AV (2015) Electric Field Model of Transcranial Electric Stimulation in Nonhuman Primates: Correspondence to Individual Motor Threshold. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 62:2095-105

  • Leuchter AF, Cook IA, Feifel D, Goethe JW, Husain M, Carpenter LL, Thase ME, Krystal AD, Philip NS, Bhati MT, Burke WJ, Howland RH, Sheline YI, Aaronson ST, Iosifescu DV, O'Reardon JP, Gilmer WS, Jain R, Burgoyne KS, Phillips B, Manberg PJ, Massaro J, Hunter AM, Lisanby SH, George MS (2015) Efficacy and Safety of Low-field Synchronized Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (sTMS) for Treatment of Major Depression. Brain Stimul 8:787-94

  • Levkovitz Y, Isserles M, Padberg F, Lisanby SH, Bystritsky A, Xia G, Tendler A, Daskalakis ZJ, Winston JL, Dannon P, Hafez HM, Reti IM, Morales OG, Schlaepfer TE, Hollander E, Berman JA, Husain MM, Sofer U, Stein A, Adler S, Deutsch L, Deutsch F, Roth Y, George MS, Zangen A (2015) Efficacy and safety of deep transcranial magnetic stimulation for major depression: a prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial. World Psychiatry 14:64-73

  • Peterchev AV, Krystal AD, Rosa MA, Lisanby SH (2015) Individualized Low-Amplitude Seizure Therapy: Minimizing Current for Electroconvulsive Therapy and Magnetic Seizure Therapy. Neuropsychopharmacology 40:2076-84