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New Findings Reveal Surprising Role of the Cerebellum in Reward and Social Behaviors

Press Release

A new study in rodents has demonstrated, for the first time, that the brain’s cerebellum plays a role in controlling reward and social preference behavior—findings that shed light on the brain circuits critical to the affective and social dysfunction seen across multiple psychiatric disorders.

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Sensorimotor Domain Added to the RDoC Framework

Institute Update

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) announces the addition of the new Sensorimotor domain to the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) framework. The aim of the new domain is to help foster earlier and more precise identification of the role of motor systems disruptions in psychopathology and aid in the development of more effective treatments for people who are affected with these disruptions.

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2,000 Human Brains Yield Clues to How Genes Raise Risk for Mental Illnesses

Press Release

PsychENCODE researchers are discovering the biological mechanisms by which mental illness risk genes work in the human brain.

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New Pathways for Implementing Universal Suicide Risk Screening in Healthcare Settings

Press Release

A new report provides guidance on how to implement universal suicide risk screening of youth in medical settings. The report describes a way for hospitals to address the rising suicide rate in a way that is flexible and mindful of limited resources.

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Dynamic Associations Among Motor Activity, Sleep, Energy, and Mood Could Suggest New Focus for Depression Treatment

Science Update

A new study looking at interactions among sleep, energy, activity level, and mood suggests that instability in activity and sleep systems could lead to mood changes. The findings suggest new targets for depression treatment.

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Studies Support Use of Team-Based Care for Early Psychosis

Science Update

Two recent studies add to the evidence that team-based early intervention services are feasible in real-world health care settings and result in improved outcomes for patients.

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Hyperconnectivity in a Brain Circuit May Predict Psychosis

Science Update

NIMH-funded scientists have discovered a pattern in the way a brain circuit works that may help predict the onset of psychosis. High levels of chatter, or “hyperconnectivity,” in a circuit involving the cerebellum, thalamus, and cortex emerged as a potential “neural signature” in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study.

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Team-based Care Optimizes Medication Treatment for First Episode Psychosis

Science Update

Findings from NIMH’s Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) project indicate that team-based coordinated specialty care (CSC) for first episode psychosis (FEP) results in more optimal prescribing of antipsychotics and fewer side effects when compared with typical community care.

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Diversity Training Programs Nurture Research Career

Science Update

A trainee tells her story of how NIMH/NIH training programs for members of underrepresented groups have nurtured her scientific career.

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NIMH Explores the “Next Big Thing” in Mental Health Services Research

Institute Update

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)’s 24th biennial Mental Health Services Research (MHSR 2018) conference held August 1-2, in Rockville, MD, brought together mental health researchers, trainees, consumers, advocates, and mental health care providers to learn about current research findings and discuss new research that might close the gap between what science shows is most effective and what services people actually receive in real-world settings.

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